SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aberle, J. (2000), Untersuchung der Rauheitsstruktur zur Bestimmung des Fließwiderstandes, in Gebirgsbächen unter Klarwasserabfluß, dissertation, Univ. Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany.
  • Aberle, J., and K. Koll (2004), Double-averaged flow field over static armor layers, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics River Flow 2004, vol. 1, edited by M. Greco et al., pp. 225233, A. A. Balkema, Brookfield, Vt.
  • Aberle, J., and G. M. Smart (2003), The influence of roughness structure on flow resistance in mountain streams, J. Hydraul. Res., 41(3), 259269.
  • Adams, J. (1979), Gravel size analysis from photographs, J. Hydraul. Div., 105(10), 12471255.
  • Allen, J. R. L. (1982), Sedimentary Structures, Dev. Sedimentol, ., vol. 30A30B, Elsevier, New York.
  • Baiamonte, G., and V. Ferro (1997), The influence of roughness geometry and Shields parameter on flow resistance in gravel-bed channels, Earth Surf. Processes Landforms, 22, 759772.
  • Bathurst, J. C. (1978), Flow resistance of large-scale roughness, J. Hydraul. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 104(HY12), 15871603.
  • Bathurst, J. C. (1985), Flow resistance estimation in mountain rivers, J. Hydraul. Eng., 111(4), 625643.
  • Bergeron, N. E. (1996), Scale-space analysis of stream-bed roughness in coarse gravel-bed streams, Math. Geol., 28(5), 537561.
  • Bray, D. I. (1982), Flow resistance in gravel bed rivers, in Gravel-Bed Rivers, edited by R. D. Hey et al., pp. 109133, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Bunte, K., and S. R. Abt (2001), Sampling surface and subsurface particle-size distributions in wadable gravel- and cobble-bed streams for analyses in sediment transport, hydraulics, and streambed monitoring, Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-74, U.S. Dep. of Agric., For. Serv., Rocky Mt. Res. Stn., Fort Collins, Colo.
  • Butler, J. B., S. N. Lane, and J. H. Chandler (2001), Characterization of the structure of river-bed gravels using two-dimensional fractal analysis, Math. Geol., 33(3), 301330.
  • Carney, S. K., B. P. Bledsoe, and D. Gessler (2006), Representing the bed roughness of coarse-grained streams in computational fluid dynamics, Earth Surf. Processes Landforms, 31, 736749, doi:10.1002/esp.1274.
  • Clifford, N. J., A. Robert, and K. S. Richards (1992), Estimation of flow resistance in gravel-bedded rivers: A physical explanation of the multiplier of roughness length, Earth Surf. Processes Landforms, 17, 111126.
  • de Jong, C. (1995), Temporal and spatial interactions between river bed roughness, geometry, bedload transport and flow hydraulics in mountain streams—Examples from Squaw Creek (Montana, USA) and Lainbach/Schmiedlaine (upper Bavaria, Germany), Berlin. Geogr. Abh., 59, 1229.
  • Fehr, R. (1987), Geschiebeanalysen in Gebirgsflüssen, Mitt. Versuchsanst. Wasserbau Hydrol. Glaziol., 92, ETH Zürich, Switzerland.
  • Ferro, V. (1999), Friction factor for gravel-bed channel with high boulder concentration, J. Hydraul. Eng., 125(7), 771778.
  • Fraccarollo, L., and A. Marion (1995), Statistical approach to bed-material surface sampling, J. Hydraul. Eng., 121(7), 540545.
  • Frisch, U. (1995), Turbulence, The Legacy of A. N. Kolmogorov, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Furbish, D. J. (1987), Conditions for geometric similarity of coarse stream-bed roughness, Math. Geol., 19(4), 291307.
  • Goring, D., V. Nikora, and I. K. McEwan (1999), Analysis of the texture of gravel beds using 2-D structure functions, in River, Coastal, and Estuarine Morphodynamics: Proceedings of the IAHR Symposium, vol. 2, edited by G. Seminara, and P. Blondeaux et al., pp. 111120, Springer, New York.
  • Graf, W. (1991), Flow resistance over a gravel bed: Its consequence on initial sediment movement, in Fluvial Hydraulics of Mountain Regions, Lect. Notes Earth Sci., vol. 37, edited by A. Armanini, and G. Di Silvio, pp. 1732, Springer, New York.
  • Griffiths, G. A. (1989), Form resistance in gravel channels with mobile beds, J. Hydraul. Eng., 115(3), 340355.
  • Günter, A. (1971), Die kritische mittlere Sohlenschubspannung bei Geschiebemischungen unter Berücksichtigung der Deckschichtbildung und der turbulenzbedingten Sohlschubspannungsschwankungen, dissertation, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
  • Hardy, R. J., S. N. Lane, M. R. Lawless, J. L. Best, A. H. Elliott, and D. B. Ingham (2005), Development and testing of a numerical code for treatment of complex river channel topography in three-dimensional CFD models with structured grids, J. Hydraul. Res., 43(5), 468480.
  • Hey, R. D. (1979), Flow Resistance in Gravel-Bed Rivers, J. Hydraul. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 105(HY4), 365379.
  • Komar, P. D., and Z. Li (1986), Pivoting analysis of the selective entrainment of sediments by shape and size with applications to gravel threshold, Sedimentology, 33, 425436.
  • Kreyszig, E. (1991), Statistische Methoden und ihre Anwendungen, Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen, Germany.
  • Lane, S. N., R. J. Hardy, L. Elliott, and D. B. Ingham (2004), Numerical modeling of flow processes over gravelly surfaces using structured grids and a numerical porosity treatment, Water Resour. Res., 40, W01302, doi:10.1029/2002WR001934.
  • Marion, A., S. J. Tait, and I. K. McEwan (2003), Analysis of small-scale gravel bed topography during armoring, Water Resour. Res., 39(12), 1334, doi:10.1029/2003WR002367.
  • Monzavi, M. T. (1972), Widerstandsgesetz auf statistischer Basis für extreme und natürliche Rauhigkeiten in Druckrohren, Tech. Ber. 8, Inst. für Hydraul. und Hydrol., Darmstadt, Germany.
  • Nikora, V. (2005), High-order structure functions for planet surfaces: a turbulence metaphor, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 2(3), 362365.
  • Nikora, V., and J. Walsh (2004), Water-worked gravel surfaces: High-order structure functions at the particle scale, Water Resour. Res., 40, W12601, doi:10.1029/2004WR003346.
  • Nikora, V. I., O. I. Nikora, D. A. Noever, and G. M. Smart (1994), New method of structural functions for analyzing fractal scaling properties of natural processes, J. Phys. A, 27, L403L409.
  • Nikora, V., D. Goring, and B. J. F. Biggs (1998), On gravel-bed roughness characterization, Water Resour. Res., 34(3), 517527.
  • Nikuradse, J. (1933), Strömungsgesetze in rauhen Rohren, Forsch. Arb. Ing., 361.
  • Robert, A. (1988), Statistical properties of sediment bed profiles in alluvial channels, Math. Geol., 20(3), 205223.
  • Robert, A. (1990), Boundary roughness in coarse-grained channels, Prog. Phys. Geogr., 14(1), 4270.
  • Robert, A. (1991), Fractal properties of simulated bed profiles in coarse-grained channels, Math. Geol., 23(3), 367382.
  • Schlichting, H., and K. Gersten (1997), Grenzschicht-Theorie, 9 Auflage, Springer, New York.
  • Smart, G. M., J. Aberle, M. Duncan, and J. Walsh (2004), Measurement and analysis of alluvial bed roughness, J. Hydraul. Res., 42(3), 227237.
  • Vogel, S. (2003), Ansätze zur Bemessung rauer Rampen in aufgelöster Bauweise, Mitt. Inst. Wasser., 88.
  • Wiberg, P. L., and J. D. Smith (1991), Velocity distribution and bed roughness in high-gradient streams, Water Resour. Res., 27(5), 825838.
  • Wolman, M. G. (1954), A method of sampling coarse river-bed material, Eos Trans. AGU, 35(6), 951956.