In their letter entitled “Italy's investment in research” (Eos, 87(26), 258, 27 June 2006), Benedetto De Vivo et al. present their views on several aspects of the Italian research system, with special emphasis on volcanology
Italy's public sector research is managed by the Ministry for University and Research (MIUR) through two channels: the universities and ‘public research institutions’ (EPRs). While the universities have education and basic research as their primary goals, the EPRs are dedicated to research in fields of industrial, technological, or environmental interest. Much like NASA, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the United States, the Italian National Institute for Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) is one of these EPRs, with its primary goal being basic and applied research in various areas of geophysics.