Analysis of a potential “solar radiation dose–dimethylsulfide–cloud condensation nuclei” link from globally mapped seasonal correlations
Article first published online: 19 APR 2007
Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume 21, Issue 2, June 2007
How to Cite
2007), Analysis of a potential “solar radiation dose–dimethylsulfide–cloud condensation nuclei” link from globally mapped seasonal correlations, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 21, GB2004, doi:10.1029/2006GB002787., , , , , , and (
- Issue published online: 19 APR 2007
- Article first published online: 19 APR 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 DEC 2006
- Manuscript Revised: 6 NOV 2006
- Manuscript Received: 5 JUL 2006
- cloud condensation nuclei;
- global-seasonal correlations
 The CLAW postulate states that an increase in solar irradiance or in the heat flux to the ocean can trigger a biogeochemical response to counteract the associated increase in temperature and available sunlight. This natural (negative) feedback mechanism would be based on a multistep response: first, an increase in seawater dimethylsulfide concentrations (DMSw) and therefore its fluxes to the atmosphere (DMSflux); second, an increase in the atmospheric cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) burden as a consequence of DMS oxidation to form biogenic CCN (CCNbio); and third, an increase in cloud albedo due to higher CCN numbers. Monthly global climatological fields of the solar radiation dose in the upper mixed layer (SRD), surface oceanic DMSw, model outputs of hydroxyl radical concentrations (OH), and satellite-derived CCN numbers (CCNs) are analyzed in order to evaluate the proposed “solar radiation dose-DMS-CCN” link from a global point of view. OH is included as the main atmospheric oxidant of the estimated DMSflux to produce CCNbio. Global maps of seasonal correlations between the variables show that the solar radiation dose is highly (positively) correlated with seawater dimethylsulfide over most of the global ocean and that atmospheric DMS oxidation is highly (positively) correlated with CCNs over large regions. These couplings are stronger at high latitudes, whereas the regions with negative or no correlation are located at low latitudes around the equator. However, CCNbio estimates for 15 regions of the global ocean show that DMS oxidation can be an important contributor to the CCNs burden only over pollution-free regions, while it would have a minor contribution over regions with high loads of continental aerosols. Globally, the mean annual contribution of CCNbio to total CCNs is estimated to be ≈30%. Our results support that an oceanic biogenic mechanism that modulates cloud formation and albedo can indeed occur, although its impact seems rather weak over regions under a strong influence of continental aerosols. Nevertheless, our approach does not fully rule out that the observed correlations are due to an independent seasonal variation of the studied variables; seasonal couplings are necessary but not sufficient conditions to prove the CLAW hypothesis.