• Ahad, J. M. E. (2005), Evaluating the origins and transformations of organic matter and dissolved inorganic nitrogen in two contrasting North Sea estuaries, Ph. D. thesis, Univ. of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, U. K.
  • Amon, R. M. W., and R. Benner (1994), Rapid cycling of high-molecular-weight dissolved organic matter in the ocean, Nature, 369, 549552.
  • Amon, R. M. W., and R. Benner (1996), Photochemical and microbial consumption of dissolved organic carbon and dissolved oxygen in the Amazon River system, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 60, 17831792.
  • Benner, R., et al. (2004), Export of young terrigenous dissolved organic carbon from rivers to the Arctic Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L05305, doi:10.1029/2003GL019251.
  • Cook, G. T., et al. (1995), Anthropogenic 14C marine geochemistry in the vicinity of a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, Radiocarbon, 37, 459467.
  • Cook, G. T., et al. (1998), Natural and anthropogenic 14C in the UK coastal marine environment, J. Environ. Radioact., 40, 89111.
  • Cook, G. T., et al. (2004), Sellafield-derived anthropogenic 14C in the marine intertidal environment of the NE Irish Sea, Radiocarbon, 46, 877883.
  • Douville, E., et al. (2004), Radiocarbon behaviour in seawater and the brown algae Fucus serratus in the vicinity of the COGEMA La Hague spent fuel reprocessing plant (Goury) France, J. Environ. Radioact., 77, 355368.
  • Gulliver, P., et al. (2004), Sources of anthropogenic 14C to the North Sea, Radiocarbon, 46, 869875.
  • Guo, L., and P. H. Santschi (1997), Isotopic and elemental characterization of colloidal organic matter from the Chesapeake Bay and Galveston Bay, Mar. Chem., 59, 115.
  • Le Clercq, M., et al. (1997), Radiocarbon in marine dissolved organic carbon (DOC), Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B, 123, 443446.
  • Levin, I., and B. Kromer (2004), The tropospheric 14CO2 level in mid-latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere (1959–2003), Radiocarbon, 46, 12611272.
  • Loh, A. N., et al. (2004), Variable ageing and storage of dissolved organic components in the open ocean, Nature, 430, 877881.
  • Mayorga, E., et al. (2005), Young organic matter as a source of carbon dioxide outgassing from Amazonian rivers, Nature, 436, 538541.
  • Megens, L., et al. (2001), Temporal variations in 13C and 14C concentrations in particulate organic matter from the southern North Sea, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 65, 28992911.
  • Nydal, R. (1998), Carbon-14 measurements in surface water CO2 from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, 1965–1994, edited by A. L. Brenkert, and T. A. Boden, Rep. ORNL/CDIAC-104, NDP-057A, Carbon Dioxide Inf. Anal. Cent., Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., Oak Ridge, Tenn., USA.
  • Otto, L., et al. (1990), Review of the physical oceanography of the North Sea, Neth. J. Sea Res., 26, 161238.
  • Raymond, P. A., and J. E. Bauer (2001a), DOC cycling in a temperate estuary: A mass balance approach using natural 14C and 13C isotopes, Limnol. Oceanogr., 46, 655667.
  • Raymond, P. A., and J. E. Bauer (2001b), Riverine export of aged terrestrial organic matter to the North Atlantic Ocean, Nature, 409, 497500.
  • Sholkovitz, E. R., et al. (1978), The removal of dissolved humic acids and iron during estuarine mixing, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 40, 130136.
  • Skoog, A., and R. Benner (1997), Aldoses in various size fractions of marine organic matter: Implications for carbon cycling, Limnol. Oceanogr., 42, 18031813.
  • Slota, P. J., et al. (1987), Preparation of small samples for 14C accelerator targets by catalytic reduction of CO2, Radiocarbon, 29, 303306.
  • Stuiver, M., and H. A. Polach (1977), Discussion: Reporting of 14C data, Radiocarbon, 19, 355363.
  • Uher, G., et al. (2001), Non-conservative mixing behavior of colored dissolved organic matter in a humic-rich, turbid estuary, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 33093312.
  • van Heemst, J. D. H. (2000), Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in sea water, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands.