• Capotondi, A., M. A. Alexander, C. Deser, and A. J. Miller (2005), Low-frequency variability in the northeast Pacific, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 14031420.
  • Crawford, W., P. Sutherland, and P. van Hardenberg (2005), Cold water intrusion in the eastern Gulf of Alaska in 2002, Atmos. Ocean, 43, 119128.
  • Cummins, P. F., and G. S. E. Lagerloef (2002), Low frequency pycnocline depth variability at the station P in the northeast Pacific, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 32073215.
  • Cummins, P. F., and G. S. E. Lagerloef (2004), Wind-driven interannual variability over the northeast Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Res., Part I, 51, 21052121.
  • Denman, K. L., and M. Miyake (1973), Upper layer modification at ocean station Papa: Observations and simulation, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 3, 185196.
  • Freeland, H. J., and P. F. Cummins (2005), Argo: A new tool for environmental monitoring and assessment of the world's oceans, an example from the N. E. Pacific, Progr. Oceanogr., 64, 3144.
  • Freeland, H. J., G. Gatien, A. Huyer, and R. L. Smith (2003), Cold halocline in the northern California Current: An invasion of subarctic water, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(3), 1141, doi:10.1029/2002GL016663.
  • Gould, J., et al. (2004), Argo profiling floats bring new era of in situ ocean observations, Eos Trans. AGU, 85, 185190.
  • Kalnay, E., et al. (1996), The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 437471.
  • Lagerloef, G. S. E. (1995), Interdecadal variations in the Alaska Gyre, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 22422258.
  • Large, W. G. (1996), An observational and numerical investigation of the climatological heat and salt balances at OWS Papa, J. Clim., 9, 18561876.
  • Murphee, T., P. Green-Jessen, F. B. Schwing, and S. J. Bograd (2003), The seasonal cycle of wind stress curl and its relationship to subsurface ocean temperature in the North Pacific, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(9), 1469, doi:10.1029/2002GL016366.
  • Tabata, S. (1965), Variability of oceanographic conditions at ocean station “P” in the northeast Pacific Ocean, Trans. R. Soc. Can., 3, 367418.
  • Taylor, P. K. (2002), Ocean exchanges with the atmosphere—Did we learn anything during WOCE?, paper presented at WOCE and Beyond, NOAA, San Antonio, Tex., 18 – 22 Nov.
  • Whitney, F. A., and H. J. Freeland (1999), Variability in upper-ocean water properties in the NE Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Res., Part II, 46, 23512370.