SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Barnes, D. J., and B. E. Chalker (1990), Calcification and photosynthesis in reef-building corals and algae, in Ecosystems of the World, vol. 25, Coral Reefs, edited by Z. Dubinsky, Elsevier, New York.
  • Barnes, D. J., and B. Lazar (1993), Metabolic performance of a shallow reef patch near Eilat on the Red Sea, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 174, 113.
  • Bellwood, D. R., T. P. Hughes, C. Folke, and M. Nyström (2004), Facing the coral reef crisis, Nature, 429, 827833.
  • Bessat, F., and D. Buigues (2001), Two centuries of variation in coral growth in a massive Porites colony from Moorea (French Polynesia): a response of ocean-atmosphere variability from south central Pacific, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol., 175, 381392.
  • Broecker, W. S., and T. Takahashi (1966), Calcium carbonate precipitation on the Bahama Banks, J. Geophys. Res., 71, 15751602.
  • Brown, B. E. (1997), Disturbances to reefs in recent times, in Life and Death of Coral Reefs, edited by C. Birkeland, pp. 354379, Chapman and Hall, New York.
  • Burton, E. A., and L. M. Walter (1987), Relative precipitation rates of aragonite and Mg calcite from seawater: Temperature or carbonate ion control, Geology, 15, 111114.
  • Clausen, C. D., and A. A. Roth (1975), Effect of temperature and temperature adaptation on calcification rate in the hermatypic coral Pocillopora damicornis, Mar. Biol., 33, 93100.
  • Coles, S. L., and P. L. Jokiel (1978), Synergistic effects of temperature, salinity and light on hermatypic coral Montipora verrucosai, Mar. Biol., 49, 187195.
  • DOE (1994), Handbook of Methods for the Analysis of the Various Parameters of the Carbon Dioxide System in Sea Water, Version 2, edited by A. G. Dickson, and C. Goyet, ORNL/CDIAC-74, Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., Oak Ridge, Tenn.
  • Fairall, C. W., E. F. Bradley, D. P. Rogers, J. B. Edson, and G. S. Young (1996), Bulk parameterization of air-sea fluxes for Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere Coupled-Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 37473764.
  • Ferrier-Pages, C., J.-P. Gattuso, S. Dallot, and J. Jaubert (2000), Effect of nutrient enrichment on growth and photosynthesis of the zooxanthellate coral Stylophora pistillata, Coral Reefs, 19, 103113.
  • Genin, A., and N. Paldor (1998), Changes in the circulation and current spectrum near the tip of the narrow, seasonally mixed Gulf of Elat, Isr. J. Earth Sci., 47, 8792.
  • Genin, A., and J. Silverman (2004), Annual report of the Gulf of Eilat National Monitoring Program (Hebrew publication), 146 pp., Isr. Minist. of Environ., Jerusalem, Israel.
  • Glynn, P. S. (1977), Coral growth in the upwelling and non-upwelling areas of the Pacific coast of Panama, J. Mar. Res., 35, 567585.
  • Glynn, P. W. (1997), Bioerosion and coral-reef growth: A dynamic balance, in Life and Death of Coral Reefs, edited by C. Birkeland, pp. 6894, Chapman and Hall, New York.
  • Goreau, T. F. (1959), The physiology of skeleton formation in corals. I. A method for measuring the rate of calcium deposition by corals under different conditions, Biol. Bull. Mar. Biol. Lab., 166, 5975.
  • Hoegh-Guldberg, O., and G. J. Smith (1989), Influence of the population density of zooxanthellae and supply of ammonium on the biomass and metabolic characteristics of the reef corals Seria-topora hystrix and Stylophora pistillata, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 57, 173186.
  • Iluz, D. (1997), The light field, phytoplankton pigmentation and productivity in the Gulf of Eilat, Ph.D. thesis, Bar-Ilan Univ., Ramat Gan, Israel.
  • Kinsey, D. W. (1985), Metabolism, calcification and carbon production I: system level studies, Proc. 5th Int. Coral Reef Symp., 4, 505526.
  • Kleypas, J. A., R. W. Buddemeier, D. Archer, J.-P. Gattuso, C. Langdon, and B. N. Opdyke (1999a), Geochemical consequences of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide on coral reefs, Science, 284, 118120.
  • Kleypas, J. A., J. W. McManus, and L. A. B. Meñez (1999b), Environmental limits to coral reef development: Where do we draw the line? Am. Zool., 39, 146159.
  • Koop, K., et al. (2001), ENCORE: The effect of nutrient enrichment on coral reefs: Synthesis of results and conclusions, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 42, 91120.
  • Korpal, T. (1991), Dissolved nutrients in the reef of the Northern Gulf of Eilat - Sources and fluxes, M.Sc. thesis, Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, H. Steinitz Mar. Lab., Eilat, Israel.
  • Langdon, C. (2000), Review of experimental evidence for effects of CO2 on calcification of reef builders, Proc. 9th Int. Coral Reef Symp., 2, 10911098.
  • Langdon, C., and M. J. Atkinson (2005), Effect of elevated pCO2 on photosynthesis and calcification of corals and interactions with seasonal change in temperature/irradiance and nutrient enrichment, J. Geophys. Res., 110, C09S07, doi:10.1029/2004JC002576.
  • Lapointe, B. E. (1997), Nutrient threshold for bottom-up control of macro-algal blooms on coral reefs in Jamaica and Southeast Florida, Limnol. Oceanog., 42, 11191131.
  • Lazar, B., and J. Erez (2004), IET Recommendation No. 7, in Evaluation of Fish Cages in the Gulf of Eilat, edited by M. J. Atkinson, Y. Birk, and H. Rosenthal, technical report, Isr. Minist. of Infrastructure Environ. and Agric., Jerusalem, Israel. (Available at http://www.sviva.gov.il).
  • Lough, J. M., and D. J. Barnes (2000), Environmental controls on growth of the massive coral Porites, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 245, 225243.
  • Loya, Y. (2004), The coral reefs of Eilat – Past present and future: Three decades of coral community structure studies, in Coral Health and Disease, edited by E. Rosenberg, and Y. Loya, pp. 134, Springer, New York.
  • Marshall, A. T., and P. Clode (2004), Calcification rate and the effect of temperature in a zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate scleractinian reef coral, Coral Reefs, 23, 218224.
  • Marubini, F., and M. J. Atkinson (1999), Effects of lowered pH and elevated nitrate on coral calcification, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 188, 117121.
  • Marubini, F., and P. S. Davies (1996), Nitrate increases zooxanthelae population and reduces skeletogenesis in corals, Mar. Biol., 127, 319328.
  • Marubini, F., and B. Thake (1999), Bicarbonate addition promotes coral growth, Limnol. Oceanogr., 44, 716720.
  • McNeil, B. E., R. J. Matear, and D. J. Barnes (2004), Coral reef calcification and climate change: The effect of ocean warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L22309, doi:10.1029/2004GL021541.
  • Mehrbach, C., C. H. Culberson, J. E. Hawley, and R. M. Pytkowicz (1973), Measurement of the apparent dissociation constant of carbonic acid in seawater at atmospheric pressure, Limnol. Oceanogr., 18, 897907.
  • Millero, F. (1979), The thermodynamics of the carbonate system in seawater, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 43, 16511661.
  • Monismith, S. G., and A. Genin (2004), Tides and sea level in the Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat), J. Geophys. Res., 109, C04015, doi:10.1029/2003JC002069.
  • Monsen, N. E., J. E. Cloern, L. V. Lucas, and S. G. Monismith (2002), A comment on the use of flushing time, residence time, and age as transport timescales, Limnol. Oceanogr., 47, 15451553.
  • Mucci, A. (1983), The solubility of calcite and aragonite in seawater at various salinities, temperatures, and one atmosphere total pressure, Am. J. Sci., 283, 780799.
  • Ohde, S., and R. van Woesik (1999), Carbon dioxide flux and metabolic processes of a coral reef, Okinawa, Bull. Mar. Sci., 65, 559576.
  • Reynaud, S., N. Leclercq, S. Romaine-Lioud, C. Ferrier-Pagès, J. Jaubert, and J.-P. Gattuso (2003), Interacting effects of CO2 partial pressure and temperature on photosynthesis and calcification in a scleractinian coral, Global Change Biol., doi:10.1046/j.1529-8817.2003.00678.x.
  • Roy, R. N., L. N. Roy, K. M. Vogel, C. Porter-Moore, T. Pearson, C. E. Good, F. J. Millero, and D. M. Campbell (1993), The dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater at salinities 5 to 45 and temperature 0 to 45°C, Mar. Chem., 44, 249267.
  • Sass, E., and S. Ben-Yaakov (1977), The carbonate system in hypersaline solutions: Dead Sea brines, Mar. Chem., 5, 183199.
  • Schneider, K., and J. Erez (2006), The effect of carbonate chemistry on calcification and photosynthesis in the hermatypic coral Acropora eurystoma, Limnol. Oceanogr., 51, 12841293.
  • Shinn, E. A. (1966), Coral growth-rate, an environmental indicator, J. Paleontol., 40, 233240.
  • Silverman, J., B. Lazar, and J. Erez (2004), Monitoring the health of a coral reef using community metabolism, in Coral Health and Disease, edited by E. Rosenberg, and Y. Loya, pp. 367376, Springer, New York.
  • Smith, S. V. (1978), Alkalinity depletion to estimate the calcification of coral reefs in flowing waters, in Coral Reefs: Research Methods, Monogr. Oceanogr. Methodol., vol. 5, edited by D. R. Stoddart, R. E. Dohanner, M. Rakat, and R. E. Johannes, 397 pp., UNESCO, Paris, France.
  • Smith, S. V., and G. S. Key (1975), Carbon dioxide and metabolism in marine environments, Limnol. Oceanogr., 20, 493495.
  • Stambler, N., N. Popper, Z. Dubinsky, and J. Stimson (1991), Effects of nutrient enrichment and water motion on the coral Pocillopora damicornis, Pac. Sci., 48, 284290.
  • Topping, J. (1972), Errors of Observation and Their Treatment, Chapman and Hall, London.
  • Tribble, G. W., F. J. Sansone, Y.-H. Li, S. V. Smith, and R. W. Buddemeier (1988), Material fluxes from a reef framework, Proc. 6th Int. Coral Reef Symp., 2, 577.
  • Weber, J. N., and E. W. White (1974), Activation energy for skeletal aragonite deposited by the hematypic coral Platygyra spp., Mar. Biol., 26, 353.
  • Wilkinson, C. (Ed.) (2000), Status of coral reefs of the world, Aust. Inst. of Mar. Sci., Townsville, Australia.
  • Yates, K. K., and R. B. Halley (2006), CO3−2 concentration and pCO2 thresholds for calcification and dissolution on the Molokai reef flat, Hawaii, Biogeosciences, 3, 357369.
  • Zakai, D. (2000), Planulae recruitment and live coral cover as indicators of reef status in the nature reserve reef in Eilat, Ecology and Environment (Hebrew publication), July 2000, 115 pp.
  • Zhong, S., and A. Mucci (1989), Calcite and aragonite precipitation from seawater solutions of various salinities: Precipitation rates and overgrowth composition, Chem. Geol., 78, 283299.