The regional radiative impact of biomass-burning aerosols in Asia is estimated using the new and detailed emission data during the experimental period of Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific (TRACE-P) in March 2001. Integration of the USA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Transport model (HYSPLIT) and a solar radiative transfer model (CLIRAD-SW) allow us to simulate the spatial and temporal distributions of black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC) aerosols from biomass burning in the South Asian region. It also allows us to estimate further their aerosol optical properties and radiative forcing. We find that an anticyclone over Bay of Bengal dominates the transport of pollutants of the South Asian region. The monthly mean surface concentration of OC and BC is 1.1 μg m−3 in this region. Western Myanmar has the maximum value, with the concentration reaching 12.5 μg m−3. The monthly mean clear-sky direct shortwave radiative forcing ranges from −1.9 to 0.4 W m−2 at the top of the atmosphere and from −0.5 to −12.0 W m−2 at surface, resulting in an increase of the atmospheric heating rate from 0.01 to 0.3°C day−1. Owing to the spatial distributions of the aerosol optical depth ratio (OC/BC) and the surface albedo, there is a strong gradient of heating rate near the source regions, which may modify local circulations.