SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Andres, R. J., and A. D. Kasgnoc (1998), A time-averaged inventory of subaerial volcanic sulfur emissions, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 25,25125,261.
  • Berglen, T. F., T. K. Berntsen, I. S. A. Isaksen, and J. K. Sundet (2004), A global model of the coupled sulfur/oxidant chemistry in the troposphere: The sulfur cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D19310, doi:10.1029/2003JD003948.
  • Boucher, O., M. Pham, and C. Venkataraman (2002), Simulation of the atmospheric sulfur cycle in the Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique general circulation model: Model description, model evaluation, and global and European budgets, Note Sci. IPSL23, 27 pp., Inst. Pierre Simon Laplace, Paris, France (Available at http://www.ipsl.jussieu.fr/poles/Modelisation/NotesSciences.htm.).
  • Butchart, N., and A. A. Scaife (2001), Removal of chlorofluorocarbons by increased mass exchange between the stratosphere and troposphere in a changing climate, Nature, 410, 799802.
  • Collins, W. J., D. S. Stevenson, C. E. Johnson, and R. G. Derwent (1997), Tropospheric ozone in a global-scale three-dimensional model and its response to NOx emission controls, J. Atmos. Chem., 26, 223274.
  • Collins, W. J., R. G. Derwent, B. Garnier, C. E. Johnson, M. G. Sanderson, and D. S. Stevenson (2003), Effect of stratosphere–troposphere exchange on future tropospheric ozone trend, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D12), 8528, doi:10.1029/2002JD002617.
  • Feichter, J., E. Roeckner, U. Lohmann, and B. Liepert (2004), Nonlinear aspects of the climate response to greenhouse gas and aerosol forcing, J. Climate, 17, 23842398.
  • Finlayson-Pitts, B. J., and J. N. Pitts (2000), Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere, Elsevier, New York.
  • Jaenicke, R., (1993), Tropospheric aerosols, in Aerosol–Cloud–Climate Interactions, edited by P. V. Hobbs, pp. 131, Elsevier, New York.
  • Johns, T. C., et al. (2006), The new Hadley Centre climate model HadGEM1: Evaluation of coupled simulations, J. Climate, 19, 13271353.
  • Johnson, C. E., W. J. Collins, D. S. Stevenson, and R. G. Derwent (1999), Relative roles of climate and emissions changes on future tropospheric oxidant concentrations, J. Geophys. Res., 104(D15), 18,63118,645.
  • Johnson, C. E., D. S. Stevenson, W. J. Collins, and R. G. Derwent (2001), Role of climate feedback on methane and ozone studied with a coupled ocean–atmosphere-chemistry model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(9), 17231726.
  • Jones, A., and D. L. Roberts, (2004), An Interactive DMS Emissions Scheme for the Unified Model, Hadley Centre Technical Note 47, Met Office, Exeter, UK. (Available at http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/research/hadleycentre/pubs/HCTN/index.html).
  • Jones, A., D. L. Roberts, M. J. Woodage, and C. E. Johnson (2001), Indirect sulphate aerosol forcing in a climate model with an interactive sulphur cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 20,29320,310.
  • Liao, H., P. J. Adams, S. Chung, J. H. Seinfeld, L. J. Mickley, and D. J. Jacob (2003), Interactions between tropospheric chemistry and aerosols in a unified general circulation model, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D1), 4001, doi:10.1029/2001JD001260.
  • Martin, G. M., M. A. Ringer, V. D. Pope, A. Jones, C. Dearden, and T. J. Hinton (2006), The physical properties of the atmosphere in the new Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model, HadGEM1. Part 1: Model description and global climatology, J. Climate, 19, 12741301.
  • Nakic´enovic´, N.et al. (Eds.) (2000), Special report on emissions scenarios, Special Report of Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Pham, M., O. Boucher, and D. Hauglustaine (2005), Changes in atmospheric sulfur burdens and concentrations and resulting radiative forcings under IPCC SRES emission scenarios for 1990–2100, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D06112, doi:10.1029/2004JD005125.
  • Ramaswamy, V., et al. (2001), Radiative forcing of climate change, in Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by J. T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C. A. Johnson, pp. 349416, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Ringer, M. A., et al. (2006), The physical properties of the atmosphere in the new Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model, HadGEM1. Part 2: Aspects of variability and regional climate, J. Climate, 19, 13021326.
  • Seinfeld, J. H., and S. N. Pandis (1998), Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change, John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Smith, S. J., R. Andres, E. Conception, and J. Lurz (2004), Historical sulfur dioxide emissions 1850–2000: Methods and results, PNNL Research Report PNNL-14537.
  • Spracklen, D. V., K. J. Pringle, K. S. Carslaw, M. P. Chipperfield, and G. W. Mann (2005), A global off-line model of size-resolved aerosol microphysics: I. Model development and prediction of aerosol properties, Atmos.Chem. Phys., 5, 22272252.
  • Stevenson, D. S., W. J. Collins, C. E. Johnson, and R. G. Derwent (1998), Intercomparison and evaluation of atmospheric transport in a Lagrangian model (STOCHEM) and an Eulerian model (UM), using 222Rn as a short-lived tracer, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 124, 24772491.
  • Unger, N., D. T. Shindell, D. M. Koch, and D. G. Streets (2006), Cross influences of ozone and sulphate precursor emissions changes on air quality and climate, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 103, 43774380.
  • Wanninkhof, R. (1992), Relationship between wind speed and gas exchange over the ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 73737382.
  • Warneck, P., et al. (1996), Review of the activities and achievements of the EUROTRAC subproject HALIPP, in Heterogeneous and Liquid-Phase Processes, edited by P. Warneck, pp. 726, Springer, New York.
  • Zeng, G., and J. A. Pyle (2003), Changes in tropospheric ozone between 2000 and 2100 modeled in a chemistry-climate model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(7), 1392, doi:10.1029/2002GL016708.