SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Atkinson, R., and J. Arey (2003), Atmospheric degradation of volatile organic compounds, Chem. Rev., 103, 46054638.
  • Bergin, M. H., et al. (2001), Aerosol radiative, physical, and chemical properties in Beijing during June 1999, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D16), 17,96917,980.
  • Bi, X., G. Sheng, P. Peng, Y. Chen, and J. Fu (2005), Size distribution of n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban and rural atmospheres of Guangzhou, China, Atmos. Environ., 39, 477487.
  • Cao, J. J., S. C. Lee, K. F. Ho, X. Y. Zhang, S. C. Zou, K. Fung, J. C. Chow, and J. G. Watson (2003), Characteristics of carbonaceous aerosol in Pearl River Delta Region, China during 2001 winter period, Atmos. Environ., 37, 14511460.
  • Cautreels, W., and K. Van Cauwenberghe (1976), Determination of organic compounds in airborne particulate matter by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Atmos. Environ., 10, 447457.
  • Chebbi, A., and P. Carlier (1996), Carboxylic acids in the troposphere, occurrence, sources and sinks: A review, Atmos. Environ., 30, 42334249.
  • Chow, J. C., J. G. Watson, L. C. Pritchett, W. R. Pierson, C. A. Frazier, and R. G. Purcell (1993), The DRI thermal/optical reflectance carbon analysis system: Description, evaluation and applications in U.S. air quality studies, Atmos. Environ., Part A, 27, 11851201.
  • Chow, J. C., J. G. Watson, D. Crow, D. H. Lowenthal, and T. M. Merrifield (2001), Comparison of IMPROVE and NIOSH carbon measurements, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 34, 2334.
  • Chow, J. C., J. G. Watson, L.-W. A. Chen, W. P. Arnott, H. Moosmüller, and K. K. Fung (2004), Equivalence of elemental carbon by thermal/optical reflectance and transmittance with different temperature protocols, Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 44144422.
  • Chow, J. C., J. G. Watson, L.-W. A. Chen, G. Paredes-Miranda, M. C. Chang, D. Trimble, K. K. Fung, J. Zhang, and J. Z. Yu (2005), Refining temperature measures in thermal/optical carbon analysis, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 44774505.
  • Duan, F. K., K. B. He, Y. L. Ma, F. M. Yang, X. C. Yu, S. H. Cadle, T. Chan, and P. A. Mulawa (2006), Concentration and chemical characteristics of PM2.5 in Beijing, China: 2001–2002, Sci Total Environ., 355, 264275.
  • Facchini, M. C., M. Mircea, S. Fuzzi, and R. J. Charlson (1999), Cloud albedo enhancement by surface-active organic solutes in growing droplets, Nature, 410, 257259.
  • Feng, J., M. Hu, C. Min, K. Chak, P. S. Lau, M. Fang, L. He, and X. Tang (2006), A comparative study of the organic matter in PM2.5 from three Chinese megacities in three different climatic zones, Atmos. Environ., 40, 39833994.
  • Finlayson-Pitts, B. J., and J. N. Pitts Jr. (2000), Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere: Theory, Experiments, and Applications, 969 pp., Elsevier, New York.
  • Fisseha, R., J. Dommen, M. Sax, D. Paulsen, M. Kalberer, R. Maurer, F. Höfler, E. Weingartner, and U. Baltensperger (2004), Identification of organic acids in secondary organic aerosol and the corresponding gas phase from chamber experiments, Anal. Chem., 76, 65356560.
  • Gao, Y., and J. R. Anderson (2001), Characteristics of Chinese aerosols determined by individual particle analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D16), 18,03718,045.
  • Grosjean, D., K. V. Cauwenberghe, J. P. Schmid, P. E. Kelley, and J. N. Pitts Jr. (1978), Identification of C3–C10 aliphatic dicarboxylic acids in airborne particulate matter, Environ. Sci. Technol., 12, 313317.
  • Grosjean, D., and K. Fung (1984), Hydrocarbons and carbonyls in Los Angeles air, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc., 34, 537543.
  • Guo, Z. G., L. F. Sheng, J. L. Feng, and M. Fang (2003), Seasonal variation of solvent extractable organic compounds in the aerosols in Qingdao, China, Atmos. Environ., 37, 18251834.
  • Hatakeyama, S., M. Ohno, J. Weng, H. Takagi, and H. Akimoto (1987), Mechanism for the formation of gaseous and particulate products from ozone-cycloalkene reactions in air, Environ. Sci. Technol., 21, 5257.
  • Ho, K. F., S. C. Lee, J. J. Cao, K. Kawamura, T. Watanabe, Y. Cheng, and J. C. Chow (2006), Dicarboxylic acids, ketocarboxylic acids and dicarbonyls in the urban roadside area of Hong Kong, Atmos. Environ., 40, 30303040.
  • Huang, X. F., M. Hu, L. Y. He, and X. Y. Tang (2005), Chemical characterization of water-soluble organic acids in PM2.5 in Beijing, China, Atmos. Environ., 39, 28192827.
  • Huang, X. F., L. Y. He, M. Hu, and Y. H. Zhang (2006), Annual variation of particulate organic compounds in PM2.5 in the urban atmosphere of Beijing, Atmos. Environ., 40, 24492458.
  • Jacobson, M. C., H. Hanson, K. J. Noone, and R. J. Charlson (2000), Organic atmospheric aerosols: Review and state of the science, Rev. Geophys., 38, 267294.
  • Kawamura, K. (1993), Identification of C2–C10ω-oxocarboxylic acids, pyruvic acid and C2–C3α-dicarbonyls in wet precipitation and aerosol samples by capillary GC and GC-MS, Anal. Chem., 65, 35053511.
  • Kawamura, K., and R. B. Gagosian (1987), Implication of ω-oxocarboxylic acids in the remote marine atmosphere for photo-oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids, Nature, 325, 330332.
  • Kawamura, K., and K. Ikushima (1993), Seasonal changes in the distribution of dicarboxylic acids in the urban atmosphere, Environ. Sci. Technol., 27, 22272235.
  • Kawamura, K., and I. R. Kaplan (1987), Motor exhaust emissions as a primary source for dicarboxylic acids in Los Angeles ambient air, Environ. Sci. Technol., 21, 105110.
  • Kawamura, K., and F. Sakaguchi (1999), Molecular distribution of water soluble dicarboxylic acids in marine aerosols over the Pacific Ocean including tropics, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 35013509.
  • Kawamura, K., and O. Yasui (2005), Diurnal changes in the distribution of dicarboxylic acids, ketocarboxylic acids and dicarbonyls in the urban Tokyo atmosphere, Atmos. Environ., 39, 19451960.
  • Kawamura, K., H. Kasukabe, and L. A. Barrie (1996a), Source and reaction pathways of dicarboxylic acids, ketoacids and dicarbonyls in Arctic aerosols: One year of observations, Atmos. Environ., 30, 17091722.
  • Kawamura, K., R. Sempéré, Y. Imai, M. Hayashi, and Y. Fujii (1996b), Water soluble dicarboxylic acids and related compounds in Antarctic aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 18,72118,728.
  • Kawamura, K., S. Steinberg, and I. R. Kaplan (1996c), Concentrations of monocarboxylic and dicarboxylic acids and aldehydes in Southern California wet precipitations: Comparison of urban and non-urban samples and compositional changes during scavenging, Atmos. Environ., 30, 10351052.
  • Kawamura, K., M. Kobayashi, N. Tsubonuma, M. Mochida, T. Watanabe, and M. Lee (2004), Organic and inorganic compositions of marine aerosols from East Asia: Seasonal variations of water-soluble dicarboxylic acids, major ions, total carbon and nitrogen, and stable C and N isotopic composition, in Geochemical Investigation in Earth and Space Science: A Tribute to Isaac R. Kaplan, edited by R. J. Hill et al., Geochem. Soc., Publ. Ser. no. 9, pp. 243265, Elsevier, New York.
  • Kerminen, V.-M. (2001), Relative roles of secondary sulfate and organics in atmospheric cloud condensation nuclei production, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 17,32117,333.
  • Kerminen, V.-M., C. Ojanen, T. Pakkanen, R. Hillamo, M. Aurela, and J. Merilainen (2000), Low-molecular-weight dicarboxylic acids in an urban and rural atmosphere, J. Aerosol Sci., 31, 349362.
  • Lee, S. C., K. F. Ho, L. Y. Chan, B. Zielinska, and J. C. Chow (2001), Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and carbonyl compounds in urban atmosphere of Hong Kong, Atmos. Environ., 35, 59495960.
  • Li, Y. C., and J. Z. Yu (2005), Simultaneous determination of mono- and dicarboxylic acids, omega-oxo-carboxylic acids, midchain ketocarboxylic acids, and aldehydes in atmospheric aerosol samples, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 76167624.
  • Limbeck, A., and H. Puxbaum (1999), Organic acids in continental background aerosols, Atmos. Environ., 33, 18471852.
  • Liu, Y., L. Zhu, and X. Shen (2001), Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in indoor and outdoor air of Hangzhou, China, Environ. Sci. Technol., 35, 840844.
  • Matsunaga, S., K. Kawamura, T. Nakatsuka, and N. Ohkouchi (1999), Preliminary study on laboratory photochemical formation of low molecular weight dicarboxylic acids from unsaturated fatty acid (oleic acid), Res. Org. Geochem., 14, 1925.
  • Menon, S., J. Hansen, L. Nazarenko, and Y. Luo (2002), Climate effects of black carbon aerosols in China, Science, 297, 22502253.
  • Mochida, M., A. Kawabata, K. Kawamura, H. Hatsushika, and K. Yamazaki (2003), Seasonal variation and origins of dicarboxylic acids in the marine atmosphere over the western North Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D6), 4193, doi:10.1029/2002JD002355.
  • Narukawa, M., K. Kawamura, N. Takeuchi, and T. Nakajima (1999), Distribution of dicarboxylic acids and carbon isotopic compositions in aerosols from 1997 Indonesian forest fires, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 31013104.
  • Parrington, J. R., W. H. Zoller, and N. K. Aras (1983), Asian dust: Seasonal transport to the Hawaiian Islands, Science, 220, 195197.
  • Rogge, W. F., M. A. Mazurek, L. M. Hildemann, G. R. Cass, and B. R. T. Simoneit (1993), Quantification of urban organic aerosols at a molecular level: Identification, abundance and seasonal variation, Atmos. Environ., Part A, 27, 13091330.
  • Röhrl, A., and G. Lammel (2002), Determination of malic acid and other C4 dicarboxylic acids in atmospheric aerosol samples, Chemosphere, 46, 11951199.
  • Saxena, P., L. M. Hildemann, P. H. McMurry, and J. H. Seinfeld (1995), Organics alter hygroscopic behavior of atmospheric particles, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 18,75518,770.
  • Sempéré, R., and K. Kawamura (1996), Low molecular weight dicarboxylic acids and related polar compounds in the remote marine rain sample collected from Western Pacific, Atmos. Environ., 30, 16091619.
  • Stephanou, E. G., and N. Stratigakis (1993), Oxocarboxylic and alpha, omega-dicarboxylic acids: Photooxidation products of biogenic unsaturated fatty acids present in urban aerosols, Environ. Sci. Technol., 27, 14031407.
  • Turpin, B. J., and J. J. Huntzicker (1995), Identification of secondary organic aerosol episodes and quantification of primary and secondary organic aerosol concentrations during SCAQS, Atmos. Environ., Part A, 29, 35273544.
  • Wang, G., L. Huang, S. Gao, and L. Wang (2002), Characterization of water-soluble species of PM10 and PM2.5 aerosols in urban area in Nanjing, China, Atmos. Environ., 36, 12991307.
  • Wang, G. H., and K. Kawamura (2005), Molecular characteristics of urban organic aerosols from Nanjing: A case study of a mega-city in China, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 74307438.
  • Wang, G. H., K. Kawamura, S. C. Lee, K. F. Ho, and J. J. Cao (2006), Molecular, seasonal and spatial distribution of organic aerosols from fourteen Chinese cities, Environ. Sci. Technol., 40, 46194625.
  • Wang, Y., G. Zhuang, X. Zhang, K. Huang, C. Xu, A. Tang, J. Chen, and Z. An (2006), The ion chemistry, seasonal cycle, and sources of PM2.5 and TSP aerosol in Shanghai, Atmos. Environ., 40, 29352952.
  • Warneck, P. (2003), In-cloud chemistry opens pathway to the formation of oxalic acid in the marine atmosphere, Atmos. Environ., 37, 24232427.
  • Yang, H., J. Z. Yu, S. S. H. Ho, J. Xu, W. S. Wu, C. H. Wan, X. Wang, and L. Wang (2005), The chemical composition of inorganic and carbonaceous materials in PM2.5 in Nanjing, China, Atmos. Environ., 39, 37353749.
  • Yao, X., M. Fang, C. K. Chan, K. F. Ho, and S. C. Lee (2004), Characterization of dicarboxylic acids in PM2.5 in Hong Kong, Atmos. Environ., 38, 963970.
  • Yokouchi, Y., and Y. Ambe (1986), Characterization of polar organics in airborne particulate matter, Atmos. Environ., 20, 17271734.
  • Yue, Z. W., and M. P. Fraser (2004), Polar organic compounds measured in fine particulate matter during TexAQS 2000, Atmos. Environ., 38, 32533261.
  • Zheng, M., L. G. Salmon, J. J. Schauer, L. Zeng, C. S. Kiang, Y. H. Zhang, and G. R. Cass (2005), Seasonal trends in PM2.5 source contributions in Beijing, China, Atmos. Environ., 39, 39673976.