SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aben, L. K. (2003), Compositional and thermophysical analysis of Martian aeolian dunes, M. S. thesis, 117 pp., Ariz. State Univ., Tempe.
  • Adams, J. B., and T. B. McCord (1969), Mars: Interpretation of spectral reflectivity of light and dark regions, J. Geophys. Res., 74(20), 48514856.
  • Aharonson, O., M. T. Zuber, D. H. Rothman, N. Schorghofer, and K. X. Whipple (2002), Drainage basins and channel incision on Mars, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 99(4), 17801783.
  • Anderberg, M. R. (1973), Cluster Analysis for Applications, 359 pp., Elsevier, New York.
  • Arvidson, R. E., F. Poulet, J. P. Bibring, M. Wolff, A. Gendrin, R. V. Morris, J. J. Freeman, Y. Langevin, N. Mangold, and G. Bellucci (2005), Spectral reflectance and morphologic correlations in Eastern Terra Meridiani, Mars, Science, 307, 15911594.
  • Bandfield, J. L. (2002), Global mineral distributions on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 107(E6), 5043, doi:10.1029/2001JE001802.
  • Bandfield, J. L. (2003), Martian global surface mineralogy from the Thermal Emission Spectrometer: Surface emissivity, mineral map, and spectral end-member data products, paper presented at Sixth International Conference on Mars, Calif. Inst. of Technol., Pasadena.
  • Bandfield, J. L., and M. D. Smith (2003), Multiple emission angle surface-atmosphere separations of Thermal Emission Spectrometer data, Icarus, 161(1), 4765.
  • Bandfield, J. L., V. E. Hamilton, and P. R. Christensen (2000), A global view of Martian surface compositions from MGS-TES, Science, 287, 16261630.
  • Bandfield, J. L., K. S. Edgett, and P. R. Christensen (2002), Spectroscopic study of the Moses Lake dune field, Washington: Determination of compositional distributions and source lithologies, J. Geophys. Res., 107(E11), 5092, doi:10.1029/2000JE001469.
  • Bandfield, J. L., V. E. Hamilton, P. R. Christensen, and H. Y. McSween Jr. (2004), Identification of quartzofeldspathic materials on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 109, E10009, doi:10.1029/2004JE002290.
  • Barrat, J. A., A. Jambon, M. Bohn, P. Gillet, V. Sautter, C. Gopel, M. Lesourd, and F. Keller (2002), Petrology and chemistry of the picritic shergottite North West Africa 1068 (NWA 1068), Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 66(19), 35053518.
  • Bell, J. F., M. J. Wolff, P. B. James, R. T. Clancy, S. W. Lee, and L. J. Martin (1997), Mars surface mineralogy from Hubble Space Telescope imaging during 1994–1995: Observations, calibration, and initial results, J. Geophys. Res., 102(E4), 91099123.
  • Bibring, J. P., et al. (1990), Ism observations of Mars and Phobos—1st results, Proc. Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., 20, 461471.
  • Bibring, J. P., et al. (2005), Mars surface diversity as revealed by the OMEGA/Mars Express observations, Science, 307, 15761581.
  • Blaney, D. L., D. A. Glenar, and G. L. Bjorker (2003), High spectral resolution spectroscopy of Mars from 2 to 4 microns: Surface mineralogy and the atmosphere, paper presented at Sixth International Conference on Mars, Calif. Inst. of Technol., Pasadena.
  • Borg, L. E., L. E. Nyquist, L. A. Taylor, H. Wiesmann, and C. Y. Shih (1997), Constraints on Martian differentiation processes from Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotopic analyses of the basaltic shergottite QUE 94201, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 61(22), 49154931.
  • Carr, M. H. (1996), Water on Mars, Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
  • Christensen, P. R. (2003), Formation of recent Martian gullies through melting of extensive water-rich snow deposits, Nature, 422(6927), 4548.
  • Christensen, P. R., and S. W. Ruff (2004), The formation of the hematite-bearing unit in Meridiani Planum: Evidence for deposition in standing water, J. Geophys. Res., 109, E08003, doi:10.1029/2003JE002233.
  • Christensen, P. R., J. L. Bandfield, M. D. Smith, V. E. Hamilton, and R. N. Clark (2000a), Identification of a basaltic component on the Martian surface from Thermal Emission Spectrometer data, J. Geophys. Res., 105(E4), 96099621.
  • Christensen, P. R., et al. (2000b), Detection of crystalline hematite mineralization on Mars by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer: Evidence for near-surface water, J. Geophys. Res., 105(E4), 96239642.
  • Christensen, P. R., J. L. Bandfield, V. E. Hamilton, D. A. Howard, M. D. Lane, J. L. Piatek, S. W. Ruff, and W. L. Stefanov (2000c), A thermal emission spectral library of rock-forming minerals, J. Geophys. Res., 105(E4), 97359739.
  • Christensen, P. R., et al. (2001), Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer experiment: Investigation description and surface science results, J. Geophys. Res., 106(E10), 23,82323,871.
  • Christensen, P. R., et al. (2003), Morphology and composition of the surface of Mars: Mars Odyssey THEMIS results, Science, 300, 20562061.
  • Christensen, P. R., et al. (2004), Initial results from the Mini-TES experiment in Gusev crater from the Spirit rover, Science, 305, 837842.
  • Christensen, P. R., et al. (2005), Evidence for magmatic evolution and diversity on Mars from infrared observations, Nature, 436, 504509.
  • Colman, S. M. (1982), Chemical weathering of basalts and andesites: Evidence from weathering rinds, report, 51 pp., Geol. Surv., U. S. Dep. of the Interior, Washington, D. C.
  • Edgett, K. S., and P. R. Christensen (1991), The particle-size of Martian aeolian dunes, J. Geophys. Res., 96(E5), 22,76522,776.
  • Eggleton, R. A., C. Foudoulis, and D. Varkevisser (1987), Weathering of basalt—Changes in rock chemistry and mineralogy, Clays Clay Miner., 35(3), 161169.
  • Erard, S., J. P. Bibring, J. Mustard, O. Forni, J. W. Head, S. Hurtrez, Y. Langevin, C. M. Pieters, J. Rosenqvist, and C. Sotin (1991), Spatial variations in composition of the Valles Marineris and Isidis Planitia regions of Mars derived from Ism data, Proc. Lunar Planet. Sci., 21, 437455.
  • Feely, K. C., and P. R. Christensen (1999), Quantitative compositional analysis using thermal emission spectroscopy: Application to igneous and metamorphic rocks, J. Geophys. Res., 104(E10), 24,19524,210.
  • Gellert, R., et al. (2004), Chemistry of rocks and soils in Gusev crater from the alpha particle x-ray spectrometer, Science, 305, 829832.
  • Gendrin, A., et al. (2005), Sulfates in Martian layered terrains: The OMEGA/Mars Express view, Science, 307, 15871591.
  • Glotch, T. D., and J. L. Bandfield (2006), Determination and interpretation of surface and atmospheric Mini-TES spectral end-members at the Meridiani Planum landing site, J. Geophys. Res., 111, E12S06, doi:10.1029/2005JE002671.
  • Glotch, T. D., and P. R. Christensen (2005), Geologic and mineralogic mapping of Aram Chaos: Evidence for a water-rich history, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E09006, doi:10.1029/2004JE002389.
  • Glotch, T. D., R. V. Morris, P. R. Christensen, and T. G. Sharp (2004), Effect of precursor mineralogy on the thermal infrared emission spectra of hematite: Application to Martian hematite mineralization, J. Geophys. Res., 109, E07003, doi:10.1029/2003JE002224.
  • Glotch, T. D., D. Rogers, and P. R. Christensen (2005), A newly discovered hematite-rich unit in Aureum Chaos: Comparison of hematite and associated units with those in Aram Chaos, Lunar Planet. Sci., [CD-ROM], XXXVI, abstract 2159.
  • Goetz, W., et al. (2005), Indication of drier periods on Mars from the chemistry and mineralogy of atmospheric dust, Nature, 436(7047), 6265.
  • Goodrich, C. A. (2003), Petrogenesis of olivine-phyric shergottites Sayh Al Uhaymir 005 and elephant moraine A79001 lithology A, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 67(19), 37353772.
  • Greeley, R., and J. E. Guest (1987), Geologic map of the eastern equatorial region of Mars, U.S. Geol. Surv. Misc. Invest. Ser. Map, I-1802-B.
  • Greeley, R., and M. D. Kraft (2001), Survivability of aggregate sands on Mars, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXII, abstract 1839.
  • Greeley, R., R. N. Leach, S. H. Williams, B. R. White, J. B. Pollack, D. H. Krinsley, and J. R. Marshall (1982), Rate of wind abrasion on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 87(B12), 924.
  • Grieve, R. A. F., F. Langenhorst, and D. Stoffler (1996), Shock metamorphism of quartz in nature and experiment: 2. Significance in geoscience, Meteorit. Planet. Sci., 31(1), 635.
  • Hale, V. P. S., H. Y. McSween, and G. A. McKay (1999), Re-evaluation of intercumulus liquid composition and oxidation state for the Shergotty meteorite, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 63(9), 14591470.
  • Hamilton, V. E. (2000), Thermal infrared spectroscopy of the pyroxene mineral series, J. Geophys. Res., 105(E4), 97019716.
  • Hamilton, V. E. (2004), Detailed investigation of a globally unique, orthopyroxene-rich deposit of Eos Chasma, Mars, Eos. Trans. AGU, 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract P11A-0959.
  • Hamilton, V. E. (2005), Small, spectrally distinct deposits in the Valles Marineris, Mars: A new lithology? Eos. Trans. AGU, 86(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract P24A-08.
  • Hamilton, V. E., and P. R. Christensen (2000), Determining the modal mineralogy of mafic and ultramafic igneous rocks using thermal emission spectroscopy, J. Geophys. Res., 105(E4), 97179733.
  • Hamilton, V. E., and P. R. Christensen (2005), Evidence for extensive, olivine-rich bedrock on Mars, Geology, 33(6), 433436.
  • Hamilton, V. E., and R. D. Schneider (2005), Alteration phases associated with high concentrations of orthopyroxene and olivine on Mars, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXVI, abstract 2212.
  • Hamilton, V. E., M. B. Wyatt, H. Y. McSween, and P. R. Christensen (2001), Analysis of terrestrial and Martian volcanic compositions using thermal emission spectroscopy: 2. Application to Martian surface spectra from the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer, J. Geophys. Res., 106(E7), 14,73314,746.
  • Hamilton, V. E., P. R. Christensen, H. Y. McSween, and J. L. Bandfield (2003a), Searching for the source regions of Martian meteorites using MGS TES: Integrating Martian meteorites into the global distribution of igneous materials on Mars, Meteorit. Planet. Sci., 38(6), 871885.
  • Hamilton, V. E., P. R. Christensen, and J. L. Bandfield (2003b), Volcanism or aqueous alteration on Mars? Nature, 421(6924), 711712.
  • Hamilton, V. E., H. Y. McSween Jr., and B. Hapke (2005), Mineralogy of Martian atmospheric dust inferred from thermal infrared spectra of aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12006, doi:10.1029/2005JE002501.
  • Haskin, L. A., et al. (2005), Water alteration of rocks and soils on Mars at the Spirit rover site in Gusev crater, Nature, 436(7047), 6669.
  • Hoefen, T. M., R. N. Clark, J. L. Bandfield, M. D. Smith, J. C. Pearl, and P. R. Christensen (2003), Discovery of olivine in the Nili Fossae region of Mars, Science, 302, 627630.
  • Howard, A. D., J. M. Moore, and R. P. Irwin III (2005), An intense terminal epoch of widespread fluvial activity on early Mars: 1. Valley network incision and associated deposits, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S14, doi:10.1029/2005JE002459.
  • Huguenin, R. L. (1976), Mars—Chemical weathering as a massive volatile sink, Icarus, 28(2), 203212.
  • Hurowitz, J. A., S. McLennan, D. H. Lindsley, and M. A. A. Schoonen (2005), Experimental epithermal alteration of synthetic Los Angeles meteorite: Implications for the origin of Martian soils and identification of hydrothermal sites on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E07002, doi:10.1029/2004JE002391.
  • Hynek, B. M., and R. J. Phillips (2003), New data reveal mature, integrated drainage systems on Mars indicative of past precipitation, Geology, 31(9), 757760.
  • Irwin, R. P. III, A. D. Howard, R. A. Craddock, and J. M. Moore (2005), An intense terminal epoch of widespread fluvial activity on early Mars: 2. Increased runoff and paleolake development, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E12S15, doi:10.1029/2005JE002460.
  • Johnson, J. R., F. Hörz, P. G. Lucey, and P. R. Christensen (2002), Thermal infrared spectroscopy of experimentally shocked anorthosite and pyroxenite: Implications for remote sensing of Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 107(E10), 5073, doi:10.1029/2001JE001517.
  • Johnson, J. R., M. I. Staid, T. N. Titus, and K. Becker (2006), Shocked plagioclase signatures in Thermal Emission Spectrometer data of Mars, Icarus, 180, 6074.
  • Knudson, A. T., and P. R. Christensen (2004), Hematite in Vallis Marineris: Context, composition, distribution, morphology, physical properties and comparison to other Mars hematite deposits, Eos Trans. AGU, 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract P21A-0215.
  • Koeppen, W. C., and V. E. Hamilton (2005), Discrimination of glass and phyllosilicate minerals in thermal infrared data, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E08006, doi:10.1029/2005JE002474.
  • Kraft, M. D., and R. Greeley (2000), Rock coatings and aeolian abrasion on Mars: Application to the Pathfinder landing site, J. Geophys. Res., 105(E6), 15,10715,116.
  • Kraft, M. D., J. R. Michalski, and T. G. Sharp (2003), Effects of pure silica coatings on thermal emission spectra of basaltic rocks: Considerations for Martian surface mineralogy, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(24), 2288, doi:10.1029/2003GL018848.
  • Kraft, M. D., J. R. Michalski, and T. G. Sharp (2005), Palagonite-like alteration products on the Earth and Mars 2: secondary mineralogy of crystalline basalts weathered under semi-arid conditions, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXVI, abstract 1376.
  • Lawson, C. L., and R. J. Hanson (1974), Solving Least-Squares Problems, 340 pp., Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, N. J.
  • Le Mouélic, S., C. Sotin, J.-P. Combe, L. Ledeit, A. Gendrin, J. Mustard, J.-P. Bibring, Y. Langevin, B. Gondet, and P. Pinet (2006), Composition of the dust on Mars derived from OMEGA hyperspectral images, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXVII, abstract 1409.
  • Mangold, N., C. Quantin, V. Ansan, C. Delacourt, and P. Allemand (2004), Evidence for precipitation on Mars from dendritic valleys in the Valles Marineris area, Science, 305, 7881.
  • Martinez-Alonso, S., M. T. Mellon, B. C. Kindel, and B. M. Jakosky (2006), Mapping compositional diversity on the surface of Mars: The Spectral Variance Index, J. Geophys. Res., 111, E01004, doi:10.1029/2005JE002492.
  • McAdam, A. C., M. Y. Zolotov, M. V. Mironenko, L. A. Leshin, and T. G. Sharp (2006), Aqueous chemical weathering of a Mars analog lithology: Kinetic modeling for a ferrar dolerite composition, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXVII, abstract 2363.
  • McLennan, S. M. (2003), Sedimentary silica on Mars, Geology, 31(4), 315318.
  • McSween, H. Y. Jr. (1994), What we have learned about Mars from SNC meteorites, Meteoritics, 29(6), 757779.
  • McSween, H. Y., and E. Jarosewich (1983), Petrogenesis of the Elephant Moraine A79001 Meteorite—Multiple magma pulses on the shergottite parent body, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 47(8), 15011513.
  • McSween, H. Y., T. L. Grove, and M. B. Wyatt (2003), Constraints on the composition and petrogenesis of the Martian crust, J. Geophys. Res., 108(E12), 5135, doi:10.1029/2003JE002175.
  • McSween, H. Y., et al. (2004), Basaltic rocks analyzed by the Spirit rover in Gusev Crater, Science, 305, 842845.
  • McSween, H. Y., et al. (2006), Characterization and petrologic interpretation of olivine-rich basalts at Gusev Crater, Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 111, E02S10, doi:10.1029/2005JE002477.
  • Michalski, J. R., M. D. Kraft, T. Diedrich, T. G. Sharp, and P. R. Christensen (2003), Thermal emission spectroscopy of the silica polymorphs and considerations for remote sensing of Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(19), 2008, doi:10.1029/2003GL018354.
  • Michalski, J. R., S. J. Reynolds, T. G. Sharp, and P. R. Christensen (2004), Thermal infrared analysis of weathered granitic rock compositions in the Sacaton Mountains, Arizona: Implications for petrologic classifications from thermal infrared remote-sensing data, J. Geophys. Res., 109, E03007, doi:10.1029/2003JE002197.
  • Michalski, J. R., M. D. Kraft, T. G. Sharp, L. B. Williams, and P. R. Christensen (2005a), Mineralogical constraints on the high-silica Martian surface component observed by TES, Icarus, 174(1), 161177.
  • Michalski, J. R., M. D. Kraft, T. G. Sharp, and P. R. Christensen (2005b), Palagonite-like alteration products on the Earth and Mars I: Spectroscopy (0.4–2.5 microns) of weathered basalts and silicate alteration products, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXVI, abstract 1188.
  • Milliken, R. E., J. F. Mustard, and D. L. Goldsby (2003), Viscous flow features on the surface of Mars: Observations from high-resolution Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) images, J. Geophys. Res., 108(E6), 5057, doi:10.1029/2002JE002005.
  • Minitti, M. E., C. M. Weitz, M. D. Lane, and J. L. Bishop (2003), Composition and spectra of several Hawaiian rock coatings, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXIV, abstract 1937.
  • Minitti, M. E., C. M. Weitz, M. D. Lane, and J. L. Bishop (2005), Rock coatings from Vulcano, a Martian analog environment, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXVI, abstract 1835.
  • Moersch, J. E., T. L. Hayward, P. D. Nicholson, S. W. Squyres, J. VanCleve, and P. R. Christensen (1997), Identification of a 10-mu m silicate absorption feature in the Acidalia region of Mars, Icarus, 126(1), 183196.
  • Morris, R. V., T. G. Graff, S. A. Mertzman, M. D. Lane, and P. R. Christensen (2003), Palagonitic (not andesitic) Mars: Evidence from thermal emission and VNIR spectra of palagonitic alteration rinds on basaltic rock, paper presented at Sixth International Conference on Mars, Calif. Inst. of Technol., Pasadena.
  • Morse, S. A. (1996), Kiglapait mineralogy: 3. Olivine compositions and Rayleigh fractionation models, J. Petrol., 37(5), 10371061.
  • Mustard, J. F., and J. M. Sunshine (1995), Seeing through the dust—Martian crustal heterogeneity and links to the SNC meteorites, Science, 267, 16231626.
  • Mustard, J. F., S. Erard, J. P. Bibring, J. W. Head, S. Hurtrez, Y. Langevin, C. M. Pieters, and C. J. Sotin (1993), The surface of Syrtis Major—Composition of the volcanic substrate and mixing with altered dust and soil, J. Geophys. Res., 98(E2), 33873400.
  • Mustard, J. F., S. Murchie, S. Erard, and J. Sunshine (1997), In situ compositions of Martian volcanics: Implications for the mantle, J. Geophys. Res., 102(E11), 25,60525,615.
  • Mustard, J. F., C. D. Cooper, and M. K. Rifkin (2001), Evidence for recent climate change on Mars from the identification of youthful near-surface ground ice, Nature, 412(6845), 411414.
  • Mustard, J. F., F. Poulet, A. Gendrin, J. P. Bibring, Y. Langevin, B. Gondet, N. Mangold, G. Bellucci, and F. Altieri (2005), Olivine and pyroxene, diversity in the crust of Mars, Science, 307, 15941597.
  • Piatek, J. L. (1997), Vibrational spectroscopy of clay minerals: implications for remote sensing of terrestrial planetoids, M. S. thesis, Ariz. State Univ., Tempe.
  • Poulet, F., J. P. Bibring, J. F. Mustard, A. Gendrin, N. Mangold, Y. Langevin, R. E. Arvidson, B. Gondet, and C. Gomez (2005), Phyllosilicates on Mars and implications for early Martian climate, Nature, 438(7068), 623627.
  • Ramsey, M. S., and P. R. Christensen (1998), Mineral abundance determination: Quantitative deconvolution of thermal emission spectra, J. Geophys. Res., 103(B1), 577596.
  • Rogers, A. D., P. R. Christensen, and J. L. Bandfield (2005), Compositional heterogeneity of the ancient Martian crust: Surface analysis of Ares Vallis bedrock with THEMIS and TES data, J. Geophys. Res., 110, E05010, doi:10.1029/2005JE002399.
  • Rogers, A. D., J. L. Bandfield, and P. R. Christensen (2007), Global spectral classification of Martian low-albedo regions with MGS-TES data, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2006JE002726, in press.
  • Rogers, D., and P. R. Christensen (2003), Age relationship of basaltic and andesitic surface compositions on Mars: Analysis of high-resolution TES observations of the Northern Hemisphere, J. Geophys. Res., 108(E4), 5030, doi:10.1029/2002JE001913.
  • Roush, T. L., D. L. Blaney, and R. B. Singer (1993), The surface composition of Mars as inferred from spectroscopic observations, in Remote Geochemical Analysis: Elemental and Mineralogical Composition, edited by C. M. Pieters, and P. A. J. Englert, pp. 367393, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Ruff, S. W. (1998), Quantitative thermal infrared emission spectroscopy applied to granitoid petrology, Ph.D. dissertation, Ariz. State Univ., Tempe.
  • Ruff, S. W. (2003), Basaltic andesite or weathered basalt: A new assessment, paper presented at Sixth International Conference on Mars, Calif. Inst. of Technol., Pasadena.
  • Ruff, S. W. (2004), Spectral evidence for zeolite in the dust on Mars, Icarus, 168(1), 131143.
  • Ruff, S. W., and the Athena Science Team (2006), The absence and presence of olivine in the Columbia Hills of Gusev Crater, Mars: The latest results from Mini-TES, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXVII, abstract 1989.
  • Sagan, C. (1973), Sandstorms and eolian erosion on Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 78(20), 41554161.
  • Scott, D. H., and K. L. Tanaka (1986), Geologic map of the western equatorial region of Mars, 1:15000,000, U.S. Geol. Surv. Misc. Invest. Map, I-1802-A.
  • Seelos, F. P. IV, and R. E. Arvidson (2003), Bounded variable least-squares—Application of a constrained optimization algorithm to the analysis of TES emissivity spectra, Lunar Planet. Sci., XXXIV, abstract 1817.
  • Sharp, R. P., and M. C. Malin (1975), Channels on Mars, Geol, Soc. Am. Bull., 86(5), 593609.
  • Singer, R. B., and T. L. Roush (1985), Analysis of Martian crustal petrology, Bull. Am. Astron. Soc., 17, 737.
  • Singer, R. B., T. B. Mccord, R. N. Clark, J. B. Adams, and R. L. Huguenin (1979), Mars surface composition from reflectance spectroscopy: A summary, J. Geophys. Res., 84(B14), 84158426.
  • Smith, D. E., et al. (2001), Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter: Experiment summary after the first year of global mapping of Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 106(E10), 23,68923,722.
  • Soderblom, L. A. (1992), The composition and mineralogy of the Martian surface from spectroscopic observations: 0.3 microns to 50 microns, in Mars, edited by H. H. Kieffer et al., pp. 557593, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson.
  • Solomon, S. C., et al. (2005), New perspectives on ancient Mars, Science, 307, 12141220.
  • Squyres, S. W., et al. (2004), In situ evidence for an ancient aqueous environment at Meridiani Planum, Mars, Science, 306, 17091714.
  • Squyres, S. W., et al. (2006), Rocks of the Columbia Hills, J. Geophys. Res., 111, E02S11, doi:10.1029/2005JE002562.
  • Stöffler, D., and F. Langenhorst (1994), Shock metamorphism of quartz in nature and experiment: 1. Basic observation and theory, Meteoritics, 29(2), 155181.
  • Stolper, E., and H. Y. McSween (1979), Petrology and origin of the shergottite meteorites, Geochim. Cosmochim, Acta, 43(9), 14751498.
  • Strom, R. G., S. K. Croft, and N. G. Barlow (1992), The Martian impact cratering record, in Mars, edited by H. H. Kieffer et al., pp. 383423, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson.
  • Tanaka, K. L., and D. H. Scott (1987), Geologic map of the polar regions of Mars, scale 1:15000,000, U.S. Geol. Surv. Misc. Invest. Ser. Map, I-1802-C.
  • Taylor, G. J., L. M. V. Martel, and W. V. Boynton (2006), Mapping Mars geochemically, Lunar Planet Sci., XXXVII, abstract 1981.
  • Taylor, L. A., et al. (2002), Martian meteorite Dhofar 019: A new shergottite, Meteorit. Planet. Sci., 37(8), 11071128.
  • Tosca, N. J., S. M. McLennan, D. H. Lindsley, and M. A. A. Schoonen (2004), Acid-sulfate weathering of synthetic Martian basalt: The acid fog model revisited, J. Geophys. Res., 109, E05003, doi:10.1029/2003JE002218.
  • Treiman, A. H., G. A. Mckay, D. D. Bogard, D. W. Mittlefehldt, M. S. Wang, L. Keller, M. E. Lipschutz, M. M. Lindstrom, and D. Garrison (1994), Comparison of the Lew88516 and Alha77005 Martian Meteorites—Similar but distinct, Meteoritics, 29(5), 581592.
  • Wieczorek, M. A., and M. T. Zuber (2004), Thickness of the Martian crust: Improved constraints from geoid-to-topography ratios, J. Geophys. Res., 109, E01009, doi:10.1029/2003JE002153.
  • Wright, S. P., J. L. Bandfield, P. R. Christensen, and J. R. Johnson (2004), Removing the shock from the thermal emission spectra of shocked terrestrial and Martian basalts, Eos Trans. AGU, 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract P11A-0954.
  • Wyatt, M. B., and H. Y. McSween (2002), Spectral evidence for weathered basalt as an alternative to andesite in the northern lowlands of Mars, Nature, 417(6886), 263266.
  • Wyatt, M. B., V. E. Hamilton, H. Y. McSween, P. R. Christensen, and L. A. Taylor (2001), Analysis of terrestrial and Martian volcanic compositions using thermal emission spectroscopy: 1. Determination of mineralogy, chemistry, and classification strategies, J. Geophys. Res., 106(E7), 14,71114,732.
  • Wyatt, M. B., H. Y. McSween, K. L. Tanaka, and J. W. Head (2004), Global geologic context for rock types and surface alteration on Mars, Geology, 32(8), 645648.
  • Yen, A. S., et al. (2005), An integrated view of the chemistry and mineralogy of Martian soils, Nature, 436(7047), 4954.
  • Zipfel, J., P. Scherer, B. Spettel, G. Dreibus, and L. Schultz (2000), Petrology and chemistry of the new shergottite Dar al Gani 476, Meteorit. Planet. Sci., 35(1), 95106.
  • Zuber, M. T. (2001), The crust and mantle of Mars, Nature, 412(6843), 220227.
  • Zuber, M. T., et al. (2000), Internal structure and early thermal evolution of Mars from Mars Global Surveyor topography and gravity, Science, 287, 17881793.