Changes in the vertical profile of the Indonesian Throughflow during Termination II: Evidence from the Timor Sea
Article first published online: 13 OCT 2006
Copyright 2006 by the American Geophysical Union.
Volume 21, Issue 4, December 2006
How to Cite
2006), Changes in the vertical profile of the Indonesian Throughflow during Termination II: Evidence from the Timor Sea, Paleoceanography, 21, PA4202, doi:10.1029/2006PA001278., , , , and (
- Issue published online: 13 OCT 2006
- Article first published online: 13 OCT 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 JUN 2006
- Manuscript Revised: 31 MAY 2006
- Manuscript Received: 26 JAN 2006
- vertical profile;
- Indonesian Throughflow (ITF);
- Termination II
 We use a multiproxy approach to monitor changes in the vertical profile of the Indonesian Throughflow as well as monsoonal wind and precipitation patterns in the Timor Sea on glacial-interglacial, precessional, and suborbital timescales. We focus on an interval of extreme climate change and sea level variation: marine isotope (MIS) 6 to MIS 5e. Paleoproductivity fluctuations in the Timor Sea follow a precessional beat related to the intensity of the Australian (NW) monsoon. Paired Mg/Ca and δ18O measurements of surface- and thermocline-dwelling planktonic foraminifers (G. ruber and P. obliquiloculata) indicate an increase of >4°C in both surface and thermocline water temperatures during Termination II. Tropical sea surface temperature changed synchronously with ice volume (benthic δ18O) during deglaciation, implying a direct coupling of high- and low-latitude climate via atmospheric and/or upper ocean circulation. Substantial cooling and freshening of thermocline waters occurred toward the end of Termination II and during MIS 5e, indicating a change in the vertical profile of the Indonesian Throughflow from surface- to thermocline-dominated flow.