- Top of page
- 1. Introduction
- 2. FDTD/PBC Algorithm
- 3. Numerical Examples and Discussions
- 4. Conclusion
 An efficient finite difference time domain (FDTD) algorithm with a simple periodic boundary condition (PBC) is developed to analyze reflection and transmission properties of general periodic structures with arbitrary incident angles. In this new approach, the FDTD simulation is performed by setting a constant horizontal wave number instead of a specific incident angle. The principle of the FDTD/PBC algorithm is discussed and two important implementation issues are addressed, namely, the excitation of plane wave and the suppression of horizontal resonance. The validity of the approach is demonstrated through several numerical examples on dielectric slabs and frequency selective surfaces.