Proposed European space missions



New candidates for possible future scientific missions were selected by the European Space Agency’s Space Science Advisory Committee at its 17–18 October meeting. Among the eight candidates are four solar system missions. The Laplace mission would perform coordinated observations of Europa, the Jovian satellites, Jupiter’s magnetosphere, and its atmosphere and interior. Tandem is a mission that would explore two Saturn satellites—Titan and Enceladus—in situ and from orbit to investigate their origins, interiors, and evolution as well as their astrobiological potential.