Nonlinearly generated plasma waves as a model for enhanced ion acoustic lines in the ionosphere
Article first published online: 18 SEP 2007
Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 34, Issue 18, September 2007
How to Cite
2007), Nonlinearly generated plasma waves as a model for enhanced ion acoustic lines in the ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L18101, doi:10.1029/2007GL031513., , and (
- Issue published online: 18 SEP 2007
- Article first published online: 18 SEP 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 AUG 2007
- Manuscript Received: 30 JUL 2007
- plasma waves;
- numerical simulations
 Observations from the EISCAT Svalbard Radar, for instance, demonstrate that the symmetry of the naturally occurring ion line can be broken by an enhanced, non-thermal, level of fluctuations, i.e., Naturally Enhanced Ion-Acoustic Lines (NEIALs). In a significant number of cases, the entire ion spectrum can be distorted, with the appearance of a third line, corresponding to a propagation velocity significantly below the ion acoustic sound speed. By numerical simulations, we consider one possible model accounting for the observations, suggesting that a primary process can be electron acoustic waves excited by a cold electron beam. Subsequently, an oscillating two-stream instability excites electron plasma waves which in turn decay to asymmetric ion lines. Our code solves the full Vlasov equation for electrons and ions, with the dynamics coupled through the electrostatic field derived from Poisson's equation.