Geophysical Research Letters

An examination of 1997–2007 surface layer temperature trends at two heights in Oklahoma

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Abstract

[1] This study assesses near surface lapse rates and temperatures over the past decade at two heights from the Oklahoma Mesonet. A statistically significant change in lapse rate was detected of −0.21 ± 0.09°C (10 m)−1 per decade. The trend of nighttime lapse rate was about three times larger than the magnitude of trend of the daytime lapse rate. The lapse rate trends at the time of the daily maximum and minimum temperatures were larger during calm conditions. Significantly, changes of temperature trends at a single height were inconclusive when the data was not segmented by wind speed classes. For daily maximum and minimum station series at two heights, the temperature trends of these station series were the largest for daily minimum temperature at 1.5 m under calm conditions, and the second largest for daily minimum temperatures at 9.0 m under calm conditions. These observations document that monitoring long term near-surface daily minimum temperature trends at a single level on light wind nights will not produce the same trends as for long term temperature trends at other heights near the surface.

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