Monitoring and predicting the 2007 U.S. drought
Article first published online: 20 NOV 2007
Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 34, Issue 22, November 2007
How to Cite
2007), Monitoring and predicting the 2007 U.S. drought, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L22702, doi:10.1029/2007GL031673., and (
- Issue published online: 20 NOV 2007
- Article first published online: 20 NOV 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 OCT 2007
- Manuscript Revised: 3 OCT 2007
- Manuscript Received: 20 AUG 2007
 Severe droughts developed in the West and Southeast of the U.S. starting early in 2007. The development of the droughts is well monitored and predicted by our model-based Drought Monitoring and Prediction System (DMAPS). Using the North America Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) realtime meteorological forcing and the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) land surface model, DMAPS is capable of providing a quantitative assessment of the drought in near realtime. Using seasonal climate forecasts from NCEP's Climate Forecast System (CFS) as one input, DMAPS successfully predicted the evolution of the droughts several months in advance. The realtime monitoring and prediction of drought with the system will provide invaluable information for drought preparation and drought impact assessment at national and local scales.