Radiocarbon-based circulation age of the world oceans
Article first published online: 11 SEP 2007
Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978–2012)
Volume 112, Issue C9, September 2007
How to Cite
2007), Radiocarbon-based circulation age of the world oceans, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C09004, doi:10.1029/2007JC004095.(
- Issue published online: 11 SEP 2007
- Article first published online: 11 SEP 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 JUN 2007
- Manuscript Revised: 7 MAY 2007
- Manuscript Received: 9 JAN 2007
- deep ocean;
- replacement time;
 The distributions of deep ocean Δ14C data are often used to illustrate the rate of deep ocean circulation. The associated conventional 14C ages show a difference of 1000 years between the North Atlantic and the Southern Ocean and a difference of another 1000 years between the Southern Ocean and the North Pacific. These differences may be interpreted directly and mistakenly as the timescale of circulation. The characterization of the deep ocean circulation being millennial is common. Using objectively gridded, natural Δ14C “data” of Key et al. (2004), I recast Δ14C in terms of circulation by accounting for (1) long-surface ocean reservoir 14C ages and (2) two sources of deep water formed in the North Atlantic and around Antarctica. The new distribution of “circulation 14C ages” is more consistent with the deep ocean being characterized by a centennial timescale than a millennial timescale. Also, the role of the southern sourced deep water is now made more obvious. By accounting for the two important controls on oceanic 14C that are not well known outside the field of chemical oceanography, the new map will be useful as an illustration of global deep ocean circulation to the wider scientific community and as a pedagogical tool to new students in Earth sciences and oceanography.