SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Auer, A. H., and D. L. Veal (1970), The dimension of ice crystals in natural clouds, J. Amos. Sci., 27, 919926.
  • Bennartz, R., and P. Bauer (2003), Sensitivity of microwave radiances at 85–183 GHz to precipitating ice particles, Radio Sci., 38(4), 8075, doi:10.1029/2002RS002626.
  • Black, R. A., and J. Hallett (1986), Observations of the distributions of ice in hurricanes, J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 802822.
  • Bohren, C. F., and L. J. Battan (1980), Radar backscattering by inhomogeneous precipitating particles, J. Atm. Sci., 37, 18211827.
  • Brown, P. R., and P. N. Francis (1995), Improved measurements of the ice water content in cirrus using a total-water probe, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 12, 410414.
  • Draine, B. T., and P. J. Flatau (1994), Discrete dipole approximation for scattering calculations, J. Opt. Soc. Am., A11, 14911499.
  • Gasiewski, A. J. (1993), Microwave radiative transfer in hydrometeors, in Atmospheric Remote Sensing by Microwave Radiometry, edited by M. A. Janssen, pp. 91144, John Wiley and Sons.
  • Halverson, J. B., J. Simpson, G. Heymsfield, H. Pierce, T. Hock, and L. Ritchie (2006), Warm core structure of Hurricane Erin diagnosed from high altitude dropsondes during CAMEX-4, J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 309324.
  • Heymsfield, G. M., S. Bidwell, I. J. Caylor, S. Ameen, S. Nicholson, W. Boncyk, L. Miller, D. Vandemark, P. E. Racette, and L. R. Dod (1996), The EDOP radar system on the high-altitude NASA ER-2 aircraft, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 13, 795809.
  • Heymsfield, A. J., A. Bansemer, S. L. Durden, R. L. Herman, and T. P. Bui (2006), Ice microphysics observations in Hurricane Humberto: Comparison with non-hurricane generated ice cloud layers, J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 288308.
  • Heymsfield, A. J., et al. (2007), Testing IWC retrieval methods using radar and ancillary measurements with in situ data, J. Appl. Meteor. Cli., Accepted June 2007.
  • Hitschfeld, W., and J. Bordan (1954), Errors inherent in the radar measurement of rainfall at attenuating wavelengths, J. Meteorol., 11, 5867.
  • Jensen, E., D. Starr, and O. B. Toon (2004), Mission investigates tropical cirrus clouds, EOS, 85, 4550.
  • Kakar, R., M. Goodman, R. Hood, and A. Guillory (2006), Overview of the Convection and Moisture Experiment (CAMEX), J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 518.
  • Kim, M.-J. (2006), Single scattering parameters of randomly oriented snow particles at microwave frequencies, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D14201, doi:10.1029/2005JD006892.
  • Kim, M.-J., G. M. Skofronick-Jackson, and J. A. Weinman (2004), Intercomparison of millimeter-wave radiative transfer models, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 42, 18821890.
  • Kim, M.-J., J. A. Weinman, W. S. Olson, D.-E. Chang, G. Skofronick-Jackson, and J. R. Wang (2007), A Physical Model to Estimate Snowfall over Land using AMSU-B Observations, Accepted J. Geophys. Research, July 2007.
  • Lambrigtsen, B. H., and A. L. Riley (2002), Microwave Scattering Observed in Convective Cells During CAMEX-4. Proceedings AMS 25th Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology; San Diego, CA, 13A.6.
  • Liu, G. (2004), Approximation of single scattering properties of ice and snow particles for high microwave frequencies, J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 24412456.
  • Marshall, J. S., and W. M. Palmer (1948), The distribution of raindrops with size, J. Meteorol., 5, 165166.
  • McFarquhar, G. M., H. Zhang, G. Heymsfield, R. Hood, J. Dudhia, J. B. Halverson, and F. Marks Jr. (2006), Factors affecting the evolution of Hurricane Erin and the distributions of hydrometeors: Role of microphysical processes, J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 127150.
  • Monahan, E. C., and D. K. Woolf (1989), “Comments on “variations of whitecap coverage with wind stress and water temperature”, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 19, 706709.
  • Olson, W. S., P. Bauer, N. F. Viltard, D. E. Johnson, W. K. Tao, R. Meneghini, and L. Liao (2001), A melting-layer model for passive/active microwave remote sensing applications. Part I: Model formulation and comparison with observations, J. Appl. Meteorol., 40, 11451163.
  • Skofronick-Jackson, G. M., A. J. Gasiewski, and J. R. Wang (2002), Influence of microphysical cloud parameterizations on microwave brightness temperatures”, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 40, 187196.
  • Skofronick-Jackson, G. M., J. R. Wang, G. M. Heymsfield, R. Hood, W. Manning, R. Meneghini, and J. A. Weinman (2003), Combined radiometer-radar microphysical profile estimations with emphasis on high frequency brightness temperature observations”, J. of Appl. Meteorol., 42, 476487.
  • Skofronick-Jackson, G. M., M. J. Kim, J. A. Weinman, and D. E. Chang (2004), A physical model to determine snowfall over land by microwave radiometry, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 42, 10471058.
  • Spencer, R. W., R. E. Hood, F. J. LaFontaine, E. A. Smith, R. Platt, J. Galliano, V. L. Griffin, and E. Lobl (1994), High-resolution imaging of rain systems with the advanced microwave precipitation radiometer, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 11, 849857.
  • Tao, W.-K., and J. Simpson (1993), Goddard cumulus ensemble model. Part I: Model description, Terr. Atmos. Oceanic Sci., 4, 3572.
  • Tao, W.-K., J. Shi, S. Chen, S. Lang, S.-Y. Hong, C. Peters-Lidard, S. Braun, and J. Simpson (2007), Revised bulk-microphysical schemes for studying precipitation processes. Part I: Comparisons with other schemes, Submitted to Mon. Wea. Rev. February 2007.
  • Willoughby, H. E. (1998), Tropical cyclone eye thermodynamics, Mon. Weather Rev., 126, 30533067.
  • Willoughby, H., D. Jorgensen, R. Black, and S. Rosenthal (1985), Project STORMFURY: A scientific chronicle 1962–1983, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 66, 505514.
  • Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. Halverson, and G. Heymsfield (2006), A numerical study of Hurricane Erin (2001). Part I: Model verification and storm evolution, J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 6586.
  • Xu, Y.-L., and B. A. S. Gustafson (2001), A generalized multiparticle mie-solution: Further experimental verification, JQSRT, 70, 395419.