SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Betts, A. K. (2004), Understanding Hydrometeorology using Global Models, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 85(11), 16731688, doi:10.1175/BAMS-85-11-1673.
  • Betts, A. K., and A. C. M. Beljaars (2003), ECMWF ISLSCP-II near-surface dataset from ERA-40, in ERA-40 Proj. Rep. Ser., No. 8, 33 pp., ECMWF, Shinfield Park, Reading, UK.
  • Chen, S., Y. Liu, and T. Axel (2006), Climatic change on the Tibetan Plateau- Potential evapotranspiration trends from 1961–2000, Clim. Change, 76(3–4), 291319, doi:10.1007/s10584-006-9080-z.
  • Crick, H. Q. P., and T. H. Sparks (1999), Climate change related to egg-laying trends, Nature, 399, 423424, doi:10.1038/20839.
  • Ding, Y., Z. Wang, and Y. Sun (2007), Inter-decadal variation of the summer precipitation in East China and its association with decreasing Asian summer monsoon, part I: Observed evidences, Int. J. Climatol., 28(9), 11391161, doi:10.1022/joc.1615.
  • Duan, A., G. Wu, Q. Zhang, and Y. Liu (2006), New proofs of the recent climate warming over the Tibetan Plateau as a result of the increasing greenhouse gases emissions, Chin. Sci. Bull., 51(11), 13961400, doi:10.1007/s11434-006-1396-6.
  • ECMWF (2004), ERA40 Model Resolution Gridded Surface, Vertical Integrals, and Other Single Level Fields from ECMWF, CISL Data Support Sect. at the Natl. Cent. for Atmos. Res., Boulder, Colo., (ds117.0).
  • Frauenfeld, O. W., T. Zhang, R. G. Barry, and D. Gilichinsky (2004), Interdecadal changes in seasonal freeze and thaw depths in Russia, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D05101, doi:10.1029/2003JD004245.
  • Frauenfeld, O. W., T. Zhang, and M. C. Serreze (2005), Climate change and variability using European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Reanalysis (ERA40) air temperatures on the Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D02101, doi:10.1029/2004JD005230.
  • IPCC (2007), Summary for Policymakers, in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by S. Solomon et al., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
  • Jorgenson, T. M., T. H. Racine, J. C. Walters, and T. E. Osterkamp (2001), Permafrost degradation and ecological changes associated with a warming climate in central Alaska, Clim. Change, 48(4), 551579, doi:10.1023/A:1005667424292.
  • Kallberg, P., A. Simmons, S. Uppala, and M. Fuentes (2004), The ERA40 archive, in ERA40 Proj. Rep. Ser., No. 17, 35 pp., ECMWF, Shinfield Park, Reading, UK.
  • Kalnay, E., et al. (1996), The NCEP/NCAR 40-year Reanalysis Project, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77(3), 437471, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<0437:TNYRP>2.0.CO;2.
  • Kanamitsu, M., W. Ebisuzaki, J. Woolen, S.-K. Yang, J. J. Hnilo, M. Fiorino, and G. L. Potter (2002), NCEP-DOE AMIP-II Reanalysis (R-2), Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 83(11), 16311643, doi:10.1175/BAMS-83-11-1631.
  • Kistler, R., et al. (2001), The NCEP-NCAR 50 year reanalysis: Monthly means CD-ROM and documentation, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 82(2), 247267, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0247:TNNYRM>2.3.CO;2.
  • Legates, D. R., and C. J. Willmott (1990), Mean seasonal and spatial variability in global surface air temperature, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 41(1–2), 1121, doi:10.1007/BF00866198.
  • Li, P. (1995), Distribution of snow cover over the High Asia, J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 17, 291298.
  • Li, Y., L. Tian, and Y. Zhao (1999), The analysis of convective storms in Wutai Mountain area, Meteorol. Monthly, 25, 4548.
  • Li, C., T. Zhang, and J. Chen (2004a), Climatic change of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau region in recent 40-year reanalysis and surface observation data - Contrast of observational data and NCEP, ECMWF surface air temperature and precipitation, Plateau Meteorol., 23, 97103.
  • Li, Q., X. Liu, H. Zhang, T. C. Peterson, and D. R. Easterling (2004b), Detecting and adjusting temporal inhomogeneity in Chinese mean surface air temperature data, Adv. Atmos. Sci., 21, 260268.
  • Li, Q., H. Zhang, X. Liu, and J. Huang (2004c), Urban heat island effect on annual mean temperature during the last 50 years in China, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 79(4), 165174, doi:10.1007/s00704-004-0065-4.
  • Li, Q., H. Zhang, X. Liu, A. Xiong, Z. Wu, X. Ju, W. Li, S. Xu, T. C. Peterson, and D. R. Easterling (2006), China Homogenized Historical Temperature Datasets (1951–2004), ver. 1.0, 65 pp., Clim. Data Cent., Natl. Meteorol. Inf. Cent., Beijing.
  • Linderholm, W. H. (2006), Growing season changes in the last century, Agric. For. Meteorol., 137(6), 114, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.03.006.
  • Liu, X., and B. Chen (2000), Climatic warming in the Tibetan Plateau during recent decades, Int. J. Climatol., 20(14), 17291742.
  • Liu, X., and Q. Li (2003), Research of the inhomogeneity test of climatology data series in China, Acta Meteorol. Sin., 17, 492502.
  • Liu, X., H. Zhang, and Q. Li (2005), Analyses on averaged temperature difference resulted from different calculation methods, J. Appl. Meteorol., 16, 345356.
  • Ma, R., and Z. Jiang (2005), Impact of global climate change on wildlife, Acta Ecol. Sin., 25, 30613066.
  • Magnuson, J. J., et al. (2000), Historical trends in lake and river ice cover in the Northern Hemisphere, Science, 289(5485), 17431746, doi:10.1126/science.289.5485.1743.
  • Mielke, W. P. (1991), The application of multivariate permutation methods based on distance functions in the Earth sciences, Earth Sci. Rev., 31(1), 5571, doi:10.1016/0012-8252(91)90042-E.
  • NCEP/NCAR (2005), NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Problems List, edited by PSD-ESRL, Natl. Oceanic and Atmos. Admin., U.S. Dep. of Commer., Boulder, Colo., available at http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/cdc/reanalysis/problems.shtml.
  • Niu, T., H. Liu, Y. Song, and L. Chen (2005), Study on decade change of climate shift from warm-dry period to warm-wet period over Tibetan Plateau, Q. J. Appl. Meteorol., 16, 763771.
  • Pan, Y., H. Ye, Q. Zhang, J. Chen (2004), Smart distance searching and DEM-informed interpolation of surface air temperature of climatology in China, in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) Anchorage, Alaska, USA, 20–24 September, pp. 37823785, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Publisher, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2004.1369946.
  • Parmesan, C., et al. (1999), Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming, Nature, 399, 579583, doi:10.1038/21181.
  • Peng, S., Q. Li, and H. Ren (2002), Impact of climate change on wildlife, Acta Ecol. Sin., 22, 11531159.
  • Peterson, T. C., and D. R. Easterling (1994), Creation of homogeneous composite climatological reference series, Int. J. Climatol., 14(6), 671679, doi:10.1002/joc.3370140606.
  • Phillips, T. J., G. L. Potter, and D. L. Williamson (2004), The CCPP-ARM Parameterization Testbed (CAPT): Evaluating climate models in a weather forecasting framework, paper presented at 15th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, Am. Meteorol. Soc., Seattle, Wash., 10 – 16 January , available at http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/73412.pdf.
  • Punsalmaa, B., B. Nyamsuren, and B. Buyndalai (2004), Trends in river and lake ice in Mongolia, AIACC Working Papers, 12 pp., Assesment of Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors (AIACC) project, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Roads, J. (2003), The NCEP-NCAR, NCEP-DOE, and TRMM tropical atmosphere hydrologic cycles, J. Hydrometeorol., 4(5), 826840, doi:10.1175/1525-7541(2003)004<0826:TNNATT>2.0.CO;2.
  • Robinson, D. A., K. F. Dewey, and R. R. Heim (1993), Global snow cover monitoring - An update, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 74(9), 16891696, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1993)074<1689:GSCMAU>2.0.CO;2.
  • Serreze, M. C., and C. M. Hurst (2000), Representation of mean Arctic precipitation from NCEP-NCAR and ERA reanalysis, J. Clim., 13(1), 182201, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0182:ROMAPF>2.0.CO;2.
  • Serreze, M. C., J. E. Walsh, F. S. Chapin III, T. Osterkamp, M. Dyurgerov, V. Romanovsky, W. C. Oechel, J. Morison, T. Zhang, and R. G. Barry (2000), Observational evidence of recent change in the northern high-latitude environment, Clim. Change, 46(1–2), 159207, doi:10.1023/A:1005607103766.
  • Serreze, M. C., A. P. Barrett, and F. Lo (2005), Northern high-latitude precipitation as depicted by atmospheric reanalyses and satellite retrievals, Mon. Weather Rev., 133(12), 34073430, doi:10.1175/MWR3047.1.
  • Shepard, D. (1968), A two-dimensional interpolation function for irregularly-spaced data, paper presented at 1968 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) National Conference, Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, ACM, New York, 27 – 29 August .
  • Shi, Y., Y. Shen, E. Kang, D. Li, Y. Ding, G. Zhang, and R. Hu (2003), An Assessment of the Issues of Climatic Shift from Warm-Dry to Warm-Wet in Northwest China, 124 pp., China Meteorol. Press, Beijing.
  • Shi, Y., Y. Shen, E. Kang, D. Li, Y. Ding, G. Zhang, and R. Hu (2007), Recent and future climate change in northwest China, Clim. Change, 80(3–4), 379393, doi:10.1007/s10584-006-9121-7.
  • Simmons, A. J., and J. K. Gibson (2000), The ERA-40 project plan, in ERA-40 Proj. Rep. Ser., No. 1, 63 pp., ECMWF, Shinfield Park, Reading, UK.
  • Simmons, A. J., P. D. Jones, V. da Costa Bechtold, A. C. M. Beljaars, P. W. Kallberg, S. Saarinen, S. M. Uppala, P. Viterb, and N. Wedi (2004), Comparison of trends and low-frequency variability in CRU, ERA40, and NCEP/NCAR analyses of surface air temperatures, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D24115, doi:10.1029/2004JD005306.
  • Stroeve, J., M. M. Holland, W. Meier, T. Scambos, and M. C. Serreze (2007), Arctic se ice decline: Faster than forecast, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L09501, doi:10.1029/2007GL029703.
  • Walther, A., and H. W. Linderholm (2006), A comparison of growing season indices for the Greater Baltic Area, Int. J. Biometeorol., 51(2), 107118, doi:10.1007/s00484-006-0048-5.
  • Willmott, C. J., and K. Matsuura (1995), Smart interpolation of annually averaged air temperature in the United States, J. Appl. Meteorol., 34(12), 25772586, doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1995)034<2577:SIOAAA>2.0.CO;2.
  • Willmott, C. J., and K. Matsuura (2001), Terrestrial Air Temperature and Precipitation: Monthly and Annual Time Series (1950–1999), edited by C. J. W. a. K. Matsuura, Cent. for Clim. Res. Dep. of Geogr., Univ. of Del. Newark, Newark, Del.
  • Willmott, C. J., and K. Matsuura (2005), Advantages of the mean absolute error (MAE) over the root mean square error (RMSE) in assessing average model performance, Clim. Res., 30(1), 7982, doi:10.3354/cr030079.
  • World Meteorological Organization (1993), Guide on the global data-processing system, World Meteorological Organization No. 305, World Meteorological Organization, Switzerland.
  • Wu, Z. (2005), Preliminary analyses of the information on meteorological station historical evolution and its impacts on homogeneity of observational records, J. Appl. Meteorol. Sci., 16, 461467.
  • Zhang, T., O. W. Frauenfeld, M. C. Serreze, A. J. Etringer, C. Oelke, J. L. McCreight, R. G. Barry, D. Gilichinsky, D. Yang, and H. Ye (2005), Spatial and temporal variability in active layer thickness over the Russian Arctic Drainage Basin, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D16101, doi:10.1029/2004JD005642.
  • Zhao, T., and C. Fu (2006), Preliminary comparison and analysis between ERA-40, NCEP-2 reanalysis and observations over China, Clim. Environ. Res., 11, 1432.
  • Zhao, T., L. Ai, and J. Feng (2004), An intercomparison between NCEP reanalysis and observed data over China, Clim. Environ. Res., 9, 278294.