• bodily tides;
  • body tides;
  • land tides;
  • satellites;
  • terrestrial planers;
  • Mars

[1] Any model of tides is based on a specific hypothesis of how lagging depends on the tidal-flexure frequency χ. For example, Gerstenkorn (1955), MacDonald (1964), and Kaula (1964) assumed constancy of the geometric lag angle δ, while Singer (1968) and Mignard (1979, 1980) asserted constancy of the time lag Δt. Thus each of these two models was based on a certain law of scaling of the geometric lag: the Gerstenkorn-MacDonald-Kaula theory implied that δχ0, while the Singer-Mignard theory postulated δχ1. The actual dependence of the geometric lag on the frequency is more complicated and is determined by the rheology of the planet. Besides, each particular functional form of this dependence will unambiguously fix the appropriate form of the frequency dependence of the tidal quality factor, Q(χ). Since at present we know the shape of the function Q(χ), we can reverse our line of reasoning and single out the appropriate actual frequency dependence of the lag, δ(χ): as within the frequency range of our concern Qχα, α = 0.2–0.4, then δχα. This dependence turns out to be different from those employed hitherto, and it entails considerable alterations in the timescales of the tide-generated dynamical evolution. Phobos's fall on Mars is an example we consider.