An eigencurrent description of finite arrays of electromagnetically characterized elements



[1] To describe the behavior of a finite array, the current distribution on each of its elements is represented by a finite number of eigencurrents or modes. Subsequently, the eigencurrents of the array are expanded in terms of these element eigencurrents. For uniform linear arrays of loops and dipoles, the array-eigencurrent expansions and their associated eigenvalues are investigated. We focus on their parameter independent and diagonalizing features, and on their interpretation in terms of far-field characteristics and (standing) wave behavior.