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Terrestrial and aquatic scientists took part in a workshop in Sweden to discuss cross-system linkages that strongly influence the structure and function of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, which effects may be altered by future environmental change. Sixty-five researchers, mainly from northern Europe and North America, attended the meeting.

Through a series of presentations and discussions several clear themes emerged. For example, workshop participants discussed how high-latitude freshwater ecosystems are strongly influenced by nutrient and material inputs from the surrounding terrestrial environment. In particular, the magnitude and quality of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus exported from terrestrial ecosystems are recognized as major drivers of the productivity and biological structure of aquatic ecosystems.