Groundwater Science and Policy: An International Overview
Article first published online: 3 JUN 2011
©2008. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union
Volume 89, Issue 31, page 283, 29 July 2008
How to Cite
2008), Groundwater Science and Policy: An International Overview, Eos Trans. AGU, 89(31), 283–283, doi:10.1029/2008EO310005.(
- Issue published online: 3 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 3 JUN 2011
- Cited By
While global demand for water increases, the risks from pollution and the uncertainty of climate heighten the threat to available resources. One fifth of the world's freshwater reserves lie underground in the form of groundwater, whereas surface water systems account for a mere two hundredths of the global reserve, and the remainder is locked up—for the moment—in the polar ice caps. However, because groundwater is out of sight, to many this means out of mind. As a result, much of the world's groundwater is poorly managed and exploited for short-term gain at the expense of longer-term protection.
In response to requirements that had been outlined in the European Commission's Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) of 2000, the Commission's European “daughter,” Groundwater Directive (2006/118/EC, adopted in December 2006) clarifies the objectives outlined in the Water Framework Directive for groundwater protection in Europe.