A coastal ocean extreme bloom incubator
Article first published online: 19 JUN 2008
Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 35, Issue 12, June 2008
How to Cite
2008), A coastal ocean extreme bloom incubator, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L12602, doi:10.1029/2008GL034081., , , , , , , , , and (
- Issue published online: 19 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 19 JUN 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 MAY 2008
- Manuscript Revised: 9 MAY 2008
- Manuscript Received: 21 MAR 2008
- red tide
 Novel remote sensing methods and in situ observations reveal that intense dinoflagellate blooms occur frequently in Monterey Bay, California. Blooms can contain surface chlorophyll concentrations exceeding 500 μg l−1 and occupy ∼5 to 80 km2. They occur primarily during August through November and can persist for > 1 month. Maximum bloom frequency and mean intensity are in a shallow (< 25 m depth) area of the northeastern bay, in coincidence with the warmest surface water, low wind stress, and retentive circulation. These conditions favor dinoflagellates, which can vertically migrate to acquire nutrients in the thermocline and aggregate as "red tide" near the surface. Bloom incubation areas, also indicated in other coastal upwelling systems, may disproportionately influence regional bloom ecology.