Nonlinear interaction of energetic electrons with large amplitude chorus



[1] The effect of large amplitude chorus on energetic, radiation-belt electrons is evaluated using a general, relativistic, oblique, test-particle code. Three specific cases are examined: (A) Low-amplitude waves interacting at low-latitudes exhibit the expected, linear scattering which leads to large-scale diffusive behavior. (B) Large-amplitude waves interacting at low-latitudes result in monotonic decreases in pitch-angle and energy due to a resonance dislocation effect, leading to large-scale de-energization and particle loss. (C) Large-amplitude waves interacting obliquely at high latitudes result in a combination of the above behaviors, as well as nonlinear phase-trapping which leads to rapid, dramatic increases in both energy and pitch-angle of a small portion of the test-particles. These results suggest that the intensity of individual, discrete wave elements is critical for quantifying the large-scale dynamics of the radiation-belts.