Climatological circulation in Lake Michigan
Article first published online: 11 NOV 2008
Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 35, Issue 21, November 2008
How to Cite
2008), Climatological circulation in Lake Michigan, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21604, doi:10.1029/2008GL035773., and (
- Issue published online: 11 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 11 NOV 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 OCT 2008
- Manuscript Revised: 7 OCT 2008
- Manuscript Received: 22 AUG 2008
- Lake Michigan
 Maps of climatological circulation in Lake Michigan are presented for the first time. They are based on ten years continuous modeling of lake hydrodynamics from 1998–2007 using observed meteorological data as the forcing function. Model results show a remarkably stable large-scale cyclonic circulation pattern during both stratified and unstratified conditions. Lake-averaged mean current speed is about 2 cm/s, but currents can reach 10 cm/s in some locations. The model results are confirmed by long-term current observations.