SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Brook, M., M. Nakano, P. Krehbiel, and T. Takeuti (1982), Electrical structure of the Hokuriku winter thunderstorms, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 12071215.
  • Miyake, K., T. Suzuki, M. Takashima, M. Takuma, and T. Tada (1990), Winter lightning on Japan Sea coast—Lightning striking frequency to tall structures, IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, 5, 13701376.
  • Motoyama, H., K. Shinjo, Y. Matsumoto, and N. Itamoto (1998), Observation and analysis of multiphase back flashover on the Okushishiku test transmission line caused by winter lightning, IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, 13, 13911398.
  • Rakov, V. A., and M. A. Uman (2003a), Upward lightning initiated by ground-based objects, in Lightning: Physics and Effects, chap. 6, pp. 241264, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U. K.
  • Rakov, V. A., and M. A. Uman (2003b), Winter lightning in Japan, in Lightning: Physics and Effects, chap. 8, pp. 308320, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U. K.
  • Sunaga, Y., Y. Amano, T. Suda, and A. Wada (1999), Measurement of space charge density on the coast of the sea of Japan under winter thunderclouds, CRIEPI Rep. T98008, Cent. Res. Inst. of Electr. Power Ind., Komae, Japan.
  • Suzuki, T. (1992), Long term observation of winter lightning on Japan Sea coast, Res. Lett. Atmos. Electr., 12, 5356.
  • Wang, D., N. Takagi, T. Watanabe, H. Sakurano, and M. Hashimoto (2008), Observed characteristics of upward leaders that are initiated from a windmill and its lightning protection tower, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L02803, doi:10.1029/2007GL032136.