Earthquake early warning system in southern Italy: Methodologies and performance evaluation
Article first published online: 27 FEB 2009
Copyright 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 36, Issue 5, March 2009
How to Cite
2009), Earthquake early warning system in southern Italy: Methodologies and performance evaluation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L00B07, doi:10.1029/2008GL036689., et al. (
- Issue published online: 27 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 27 FEB 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 JAN 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 13 JAN 2009
- Manuscript Received: 17 NOV 2008
- early warning;
- source parameters
 We investigate the effect of extended faulting processes and heterogeneous wave propagation on the early warning system capability to predict the peak ground velocity (PGV) from moderate to large earthquakes occurring in the southern Apennines (Italy). Simulated time histories at the early warning network have been used to retrieve early estimates of source parameters and to predict the PGV, following an evolutionary, probabilistic approach. The system performance is measured through the Effective Lead-Time (ELT), i.e., the time interval between the arrival of the first S-wave and the time at which the probability to observe the true PGV value within one standard deviation becomes stationary, and the Probability of Prediction Error (PPE), which provides a measure of PGV prediction error. The regional maps of ELT and PPE show a significant variability around the fault up to large distances, thus indicating that the system's capability to accurately predict the observed peak ground motion strongly depends on distance and azimuth from the fault.