Super plasma fountain and equatorial ionization anomaly during penetration electric field

Authors


Abstract

[1] Relative importance of diffusion, electric field, and neutral wind on equatorial plasma fountain and equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) during a strong daytime eastward prompt penetration electric field (PPEF) event are evaluated using the Sheffield University Plasmasphere Ionosphere Model and the recorded PPEF during the super geomagnetic storm of 9 November 2004. The fountain rapidly develops into a super fountain during the PPEF event. The super fountain becomes strong with less poleward turning of the velocity vectors in the presence of an equatorward wind that reduces (or stops) the downward velocity component due to diffusion and raises the ionosphere to high altitudes of reduced chemical loss. The EIA crests in peak electron density and total electron content shift rapidly to higher than normal latitudes during the PPEF event. However, the crests become stronger than normal only in the presence of an equatorward wind. The results suggest that the presence of an equatorward neutral wind is required to produce a strong positive ionospheric storm during a daytime eastward PPEF event. The equatorward neutral wind need not be a storm time wind though stronger wind can lead to stronger ionospheric storms.

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