Climate and Dynamics
Have tropical cyclones been feeding more extreme rainfall?
Article first published online: 13 DEC 2008
Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)
Volume 113, Issue D23, 16 December 2008
How to Cite
2008), Have tropical cyclones been feeding more extreme rainfall? J. Geophys. Res., 113, D23113, doi:10.1029/2008JD009963., , and (
- Issue published online: 13 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 13 DEC 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 OCT 2008
- Manuscript Revised: 23 SEP 2008
- Manuscript Received: 14 FEB 2008
- tropical cyclones;
- extreme rainfall;
- climate change
 We have conducted a study of the relationship between tropical cyclone (TC) and extreme rain events using GPCP and TRMM rainfall data, and storm track data for July through November (JASON) in the North Atlantic (NAT) and the western North Pacific (WNP). Extreme rain events are defined in terms of percentile rainrate, and TC-rain by rainfall associated with a named TC. Results show that climatologically, 8% of rain events and 17% of the total rain amount in NAT are accounted by TCs, compared to 9% of rain events, and 21% of rain amount in WNP. The fractional contribution of accumulated TC-rain to total rain, Ω, increases nearly linearly as a function of rainrate. Extending the analyses using GPCP pentad data for 1979–2005, and for the post-SSM/I period (1988–2005), we find that while there is no significant trend in the total JASON rainfall over NAT or WNP, there is a positive significant trend in heavy rain over both basins for the 1979–2005 period, but not for the post-SSM/I period. Trend analyses of Ω for both periods indicate that TCs have been feeding increasingly more to rainfall extremes in NAT, where the expansion of the warm pool area can explain slightly more than 50% of the change in observed trend in total TC rainfall. In WNP, trend signals for Ω are mixed, and the long-term relationship between TC rain and warm pool area is strongly influenced by interannual and interdecadal variability.