The Fourth Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution (LMI IV) was held near the town of Parys in the Vredefort Dome, the center of Earth's oldest and largest preserved impact structure. The Vredefort Dome, approximately 120 kilometers southwest of Johannesburg, South Africa, presents a superb cross section through deep levels of the impact structure. The Dome also provides exposures of the exceptionally well preserved Archean and Paleoproterozoic (>3.1 to 2.1 billion year old) rocks of the Kaapvaal craton. In July 2005, the northwestern part of the Dome was declared a World Heritage Site. Work is under way to strengthen the tourism infrastructure at the site, including construction of a visitor center.