• Baas-Becking, L. G. M., Geobiologie of Inleiding tot de Milleukunde, in Dutch, 263, W. P. Van Stockum en Zoon, The Hague, Netherlands, 1934.
  • Beeton, A. M., The world's great lakes, J. Great Lakes Res., 10, 106113, 1984.
  • Biddanda, B. A., D. F. Coleman, T. H. Johengen, S. A. Ruberg, G. A. Meadows, H. W. Van Sumeren, R. R. Rediske, and S. T. Kendall, Exploration of a submerged sinkhole ecosystem in Lake Huron, Ecosystems, 9, 828842, 2006.
  • Black, T. J., Selected views of the tectonics, structure, and karst in northern Lower Michigan, Michigan Basin Geological Society Field Conference ProceedingsKimmel, R. E., 1135, Mich. Basin Geol. Soc., Lansing, 1983.
  • Church, T. M., An underground route for the water cycle, Nature, 380, 579580, 1996.
  • Coleman, D. F., Underwater archaeology in Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary, Lake Huron, Mar. Technol. Soc. J., 36, 3344, 2002.
  • Grannemann, N. G., Hunt, R. J., Nicholas, J. R., Reilly, T. E., and Winter, T. C., (2000), The importance of ground water in the Great Lakes region, U.S. Geol. Surv. Water Resour. Invest. Rep., 00-4008, 19 pp.
  • Hebting, Y., P. Schaeffer, A. Behrens, P. Adan, G. Schmitt, P. Schnecknburger, S. Bernasconi, and P. Albrecht, Biomarker evidence for a major preservation pathway of sedimentary organic carbon, Science, 312, 16271631, 2006.
  • Hough, J. L., Geology of the Great Lakes, 313, Univ. of Ill. Press, Urbana, 1958.
  • Moore, W. S., J. L. Sarmiento, and R. M. Key, Submarine groundwater discharge revealed by 228Ra distribution in the upper Atlantic Ocean, Nat. Geosci., 1, 309311, 2008.
  • Ruberg, S., D. Coleman, T. Johengen, G. Meadows, H. Van Sumeren, G. Lang, and B. Biddanda, Groundwater plume mapping in a submerged sinkhole in Lake Huron, Mar. Technol. Soc. J., 39, 6569, 2005.
  • Stal, L. J., Physiological ecology of cyanobacteria in microbial mats and other communities, New Phytol., 131, 132, 1995.
  • Van Dover, C. L., The Ecology of Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents, Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, N. J., 2000.