• Cochrane, W. G. (1977), Sampling Techniques, 3rd ed., John Wiley, New York.
  • Cook, E. R., R. Seager, M. A. Cane, and D. W. Stahle (2007), North American drought: Reconstructions, causes, and consequences, Earth Sci. Rev., 81, 93134.
  • Environment Canada (2008), Canadian Climate Data,, Meteorol. Serv. of Can., Environ. Can., Ottawa, Ont.
  • Fan, Y., and H. van den Dool (2008), A global monthly land surface air temperature analysis for 1948–present, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D01103, doi:10.1029/2007JD008470.
  • Filion, L., S. Payette, L. Gauthier, and Y. Boutin (1986), Light rings in subarctic conifers as a dendrochronological tool, Quat. Res., 26, 272279.
  • Friedman, J. H. (1991), Multivariate adaptive regression splines, Ann. Stat., 19, 167.
  • Gill, C. B. (1930), Cyclic forest phenomena, For. Chron., 6, 4256.
  • Gindl, W. (1999), Climatic significance of light rings in timberline spruce, Picea abies, Austrian Alps, Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 31, 242246.
  • Girardin, M. P., and J. Tardif (2005), Sensitivity of tree growth to the atmospheric vertical profile in the Boreal Plains of Manitoba, Can. J. For. Res., 35, 4864.
  • Hantemirov, R. M., L. A. Gorlanova, and S. G. Shiyatov (2000), Pathological tree-ring structures in Siberian juniper (Juniperus sibirica burgsd.) and their use for reconstructing extreme climatic events, Russ. J. Ecol., 31, 167173.
  • Holmes, R. L. (1983), Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement, Tree Ring Bull., 43, 6978.
  • Jansen, E., et al. (2007), Palaeoclimate, in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis: Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, edited by S. Solomon et al., pp. 433497, Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Liang, E., and D. Eckstein (2006), Light rings in Chinese pine (Pinus tabulaeformis) in semiarid areas of north China and their palaeo-climatological potential, New Phytol., 171, 783791.
  • Mann, M. E., Z. Zhang, M. K. Hughes, R. S. Bradley, S. K. Miller, S. Rutherford, and F. Ni (2008), Proxy-based reconstructions of hemispheric and global surface temperature variations over the past two millennia, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 105, 13,25213,257.
  • Mudelsee, M. (2002), XTREND: A computer program for estimating trends in the occurrence rate of extreme weather and climate events, in Scientific Reports, vol. 26, edited by A. Raabe, and K. Arnold, pp. 149195, Inst. of Meteorol., Inst. of Tropospheric Res., Leipzig, Germany.
  • Mudelsee, M., M. Börngen, G. Tetzlaff, and U. Grünewald (2004), Extreme floods in central Europe over the past 500 years: Role of cyclone pathway “Zugstrasse Vb”, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D23101, doi:10.1029/2004JD005034.
  • Régnière, J., and P. Bolstad (1994), Statistical simulation of daily air temperature patterns in eastern North America to forecast seasonal events in insect pest management, Environ. Entomol., 23, 13681380.
  • Salford Systems (2001), MARS™ v2.0, Salford Systems, San Diego, Calif.
  • St. George, S., D. M. Meko, M.-P. Girardin, G. M. Macdonald, E. Nielsen, G. T. Pederson, D. J. Sauchyn, J. C. Tardif, and E. Watson (2009), The tree-ring record of drought on the Canadian prairies, J. Clim., 22, 689710.
  • Szeicz, J. M. (1996), White spruce light rings in northwestern Canada, Arct. Alp. Res., 28, 184189.
  • Trenberth, K. E., et al. (2007), Observations: Surface and atmospheric climate change, in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis: Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, edited by S. Solomon et al., pp. 235336, Cambridge, New York.
  • Vincent, L. A., and D. W. Gullett (1999), Canadian historical and homogeneous temperature datasets for climate change analyses, Int. J. Climatol., 19, 13751388.
  • Wang, L., S. Payette, and Y. Bégin (2000), A quantitative definition of light rings in black spruce (Picea mariana) at the arctic treeline in northern Québec, Canada, Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 32, 324330.
  • Yamaguchi, D. K. (1991), A simple method for cross-dating increment cores from living trees, Can. J. For. Res., 21, 414416.
  • Yamaguchi, D. K., L. Filion, and M. Savage (1993), Relationship of temperature and light ring formation at subarctic treeline and implications for climate reconstruction, Quat. Res., 39, 256262.