Application of partial least squares regression to the diagnosis of year-to-year variations in Pacific Northwest snowpack and Atlantic hurricanes

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Abstract

[1] Application of the method of partial least squares (PLS) regression to geophysical data is illustrated with two cases: (1) finding sea level pressure patterns over the North Pacific associated with dynamically-induced winter-to-winter variations in snowpack in the Cascade mountains of western Washington state and (2) finding patterns of sea surface temperature over the tropical oceans that modulate Atlantic hurricane activity on a year-to-year basis. In both examples two robust patterns in the “predictor field” are identified that, in combination, account for over half the variance in the target time series.

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