Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

Shapes of soot aerosol particles and implications for their effects on climate

Authors

  • Kouji Adachi,

    1. School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA
    2. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA
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  • Serena H. Chung,

    1. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA
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  • Peter R. Buseck

    1. School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA
    2. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA
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Abstract

[1] Soot aerosol particles (also called light-absorbing, black, or elemental carbon) are major contributors to global warming through their absorption of solar radiation. When embedded in organic matter or sulfate, as is common in polluted areas such as over Mexico City (MC) and other megacities, their optical properties are affected by their shapes and positions within their host particles. However, large uncertainties remain regarding those variables and how they affect warming by soot. Using electron tomography with a transmission electron microscope, three-dimensional (3-D) images of individual soot particles embedded within host particles collected from MC and its surroundings were obtained. From those 3-D images, we calculated the optical properties using a discrete dipole approximation. Many soot particles have open, chainlike shapes even after being surrounded by organic matter and are located in off-center positions within their host materials. Such embedded soot absorbs sunlight less efficiently than if compact and located near the center of its host particle. In the case of our MC samples, their contribution to direct radiative forcing is ∼20% less than if they had a simple core-shell shape, which is the shape assumed in many climate models. This study shows that the shapes and positions of soot within its host particles have an important effect on particle optical properties and should be recognized as potentially important variables when evaluating global climate change.

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