Atmospheric aerosol samples (n = 84) were collected at Gosan site, Jeju Island, South Korea between April 2003 and April 2004 for the measurements of total nitrogen (TN) and its isotopic ratio (δ15N) as well as nitrogen species (NH4+ and NO3−). Measurements were also conducted for remained nitrogen (remained N) and removed nitrogen (removed N) on HCl fume treatment. A pronounced seasonal variation was found in the δ15N of TN, remained N (mostly NH4+), and removed N (mostly NO3−). The highest mean δ15N values of TN (+16.9‰ ± 4.5‰) and remained N (+20.2‰ ± 5.2‰) are detected in summer (June–August) whereas the lowest mean δ15N values (+12.9‰ ± 3.4‰ and +11.3‰ ± 5.1‰, respectively) are in winter (December–February). These trends can partly be explained by an enhanced contribution of 15N-enriched emissions from agricultural straw burning in China in a harvest season (summer and autumn). The mean δ15N of removed N showed an opposite trend: the lowest (+8.9‰ ± 3.7‰) in warm season (March–August) and the highest (+14.1‰ ± 3.7‰) in cold season (September–February). These results can be explained by changes in source regions and emission strengths of nitrogenous species, as well as difference in secondary aerosol nitrogen formation between warm and cold seasons. Higher ratios of Ca2+/Na+ and the lowest ratios of Na+/(Cl− + NO3−) are associated with lower δ15N values of removed N as a result of less isotopic enrichment (ɛproduct-reactant) during the reaction between HNO3 and dust particles. This study proposes that 15N/14N ratio can be regarded as process tracer of nitrogenous species in the atmosphere.