SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anderson, D. R., D. J. Sweeney, and T. A. Williams (1994), Introduction to Statistics. Concepts and Applications, 3rd ed., West, St. Paul, Minn.
  • Barnett, T. P., J. C. Adam, and P. Lettenmaier (2005), Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions, Nature, 438, 303309.
  • Barry, R. G. (1990), Evidence of recent changes in global snow and ice cover, GeoJournal, 20, 121127.
  • Basawa, I. V., and B. L. S. P. Rao (1980), Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes, Academic, New York.
  • Blöschl, G. (1999), Scaling issues in snow hydrology, Hydrol. Processes, 13, 21492175.
  • Boer, G. J., N. McFarlane, and M. Lazare (1992), Greenhouse gas-induced climate change simulated with the CCC second-generation general circulation model, J. Clim., 5, 10451077.
  • Brown, R. D., M. Hughes, and D. Robinson (1995), Characterizing the long term variability of snow cover extent over the interior of North America, Ann. Glaciol., 21, 4550.
  • Burn, D. H. (1994), Hydrologic effects of climatic change in west-central Canada, J. Hydrol., 160, 5370.
  • Cox, D. A., and H. D. Miller (1965), The Theory of Stochastic Processes, Chapman and Hall, London.
  • Fuller, W. A. (1996), Introduction to Statistical Time Series, 2nd ed., John Wiley, New York.
  • Grundstein, A., P. Todhunter, and T. L. Mote (2005), Snowpack control over the thermal offset of air and soil temperatures in eastern North Dakota, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L08503, doi:10.1029/2005GL022532.
  • Hamlet, A. F., P. W. Mote, M. P. Clark, and D. P. Lettenmaier (2005), Effects of temperature and precipitation variability on snowpack trends in the western United States, J. Clim., 18, 45454561.
  • Klimko, L. A., and P. I. Nelson (1978), On conditional least squares estimation for stochastic processes, Ann. Stat., 6, 629642.
  • Kukla, G. J. (1979), Climatic role of snow covers, in Sea Level, Ice and Climatic Change, IAHS Publ., 131, 79107.
  • Lu, Q., and R. B. Lund (2007), Simple linear regression with multiple changepoints, Can. J. Stat., 37, 447458.
  • Marsh, P. (1999), Snowcover formation and melt: Recent advances and future prospects, Hydrol. Processes, 13, 21172134.
  • Menne, M. J., and C. J. Williams Jr. (2005), Detection of undocumented changepoints using multiple test statistics and composite reference series, J. Clim., 18, 42714286.
  • Mote, P. W., A. F. Hamlet, M. P. Clark, and D. P. Lettenmaier (2005), Declining mountain snowpack in western North America, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 86, 3949.
  • Myeni, R. B., C. D. Keeling, C. J. Tucker, G. Asrar, and R. R. Nemani (1997), Increased plant growth in the northern high latitudes from 1981 to 1991, Nature, 386, 698702.
  • Perona, P. A., A. Porporato, and L. Ridolfi (2007), A stochastic process for the interannual snow storage and melting dynamics, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D08107, doi:10.1029/2006JD007798.
  • Robinson, D. A. (1993), Historical daily climatic data for the United States, paper presented at Eighth Conference on Applied Climatology, Am. Meteorol. Soc., Anaheim, Calif.
  • Schmidt, W. L., W. D. Gosnold, and J. W. Enz (2001), A decade of air-ground temperature exchange from Fargo, ND, Global Planet. Change, 29, 311325.