Magnetostratigraphy of the Apalós Formation (early Pleistocene): Evidence for pulsed uplift of Cyprus
Article first published online: 19 JAN 2011
Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Volume 12, Issue 1, January 2011
How to Cite
2011), Magnetostratigraphy of the Apalós Formation (early Pleistocene): Evidence for pulsed uplift of Cyprus, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q01Z22, doi:10.1029/2010GC003193., , , and (
- Issue published online: 19 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 19 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 NOV 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 18 NOV 2010
- Manuscript Received: 28 APR 2010
- Quaternary uplift;
 Landscape formation on Cyprus is controlled by processes directly linked to the uplift and unroofing of the Troodos ophiolite complex since mainly early Miocene times. Understanding the island's geology and dating individual tectonic events will help in differentiating between tectonically controlled uplift and eustatic sea level or climatic changes. In order to improve the timing of these events, a magnetostratigraphic study was carried out on two terraces in the Mesaoria Basin of central Cyprus. At Vlokkariá, southwest of Nicosia, an artificial cliff exposes the sedimentary Apalós Formation of early Pleistocene age. A nearby section situated on a terrace, probably postdating the Vlokkariá section, was sampled at Kókkinos. Remanence-carrying minerals are end-member magnetite and maghemite formed by exsolution and oxidation from ophiolitic titanomagnetite. Hematite as a late alteration product is also present. Alternating field demagnetized paleomagnetic samples yield predominantly reversed polarities interpreted to have been acquired as early detrital remanent magnetization during the Matuyama chron. Two zones of normal polarity within the Apalós Formation are interpreted to correlate to the Olduvai and Jaramillo subchrons. Pre-Apalós marine sediments at the bottom of the Vlokkariá section show transitional polarity behavior and therefore might correlate with the onset of the Reunion event. Results from the Kókkinos section are exclusively of normal polarity, which has been acquired during the Brunhes chron. Sedimentation rates derived from these magnetostratigraphic results are in the order of 3–6 cm/kyr with a marked increase to 50 cm/kyr just below the Matuyama-Jaramillo polarity transition, which is interpreted to reflect increased uplift of the source area and supports the hypothesis of pulsed uplift of the Troodos ophiolite complex.