• Bamber, J. L., J. L. Gomez-Dans, and J. A. Griggs (2009), A new 1 km digital elevation model of the Antarctic derived from combined satellite radar and laser data—Part 1: Data and methods, Cryosphere, 3(1), 101111.
  • Blatter, H. (1995), Velocity and stress-fields in grounded glaciers: A simple algorithm for including deviatoric stress gradients, J. Glaciol., 41(138), 333344.
  • Courant, R. (1943), Variational methods for the solution of problems of equilibrium and vibrations, Bull. Am. Math. Soc., 49, 123.
  • Durand, G., O. Gagliardini, T. Zwinger, E. Le Meur, and R. Hindmarsh (2009), Full Stokes modeling of marine ice sheets: Influence of the grid size, Ann. Glaciol., 50(52), 109114.
  • Frey, P. J. (2001), Yams, a fully automatic adaptive isotropic surface remeshing procedure, Tech. Rep. RT-0252, Inst. Natl. de Rech. en Inf. et en Autom., Rocquencourt, France.
  • Giovinetto, M., N. Waters, and C. Bentley (1990), Dependence of Antarctic surface mass balance on temperature, elevation, and distance to open ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 95(D4), 35173531.
  • Glen, J. (1955), The creep of polycrystalline ice, Proc. R. Soc. A, 228(1175), 519538.
  • Gresho, P. M., and R. L. Sani (2000a), Incompressible Flow and the Finite Element Method, vol. 1, Advection-Diffusion, 472 pp., John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Gresho, P. M., and R. L. Sani (2000b), Incompressible Flow and the Finite Element Method, vol. 2, Isothermal Laminar Flow, 1020 pp., John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Habashi, W., J. Dompierre, Y. Bourgault, D. Ait-Ali-Yahia, M. Fortin, and M. Vallet (2000), Anisotropic mesh adaptation: Towards user-independent, mesh-independent and solver-independent CFD. Part I: General principles, Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 32(6), 725744.
  • Hecht, F. (2006), BAMG: Bidimensional Anisotropic Mesh Generator, technical report, FreeFem++, Paris.
  • Hutter, K. (1983), Theoretical Glaciology: Material Science of Ice and the Mechanics of Glaciers and Ice Sheets, 150 pp., D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
  • Joughin, I., S. Tulaczyk, J. Bamber, D. Blankenship, J. Holt, T. Scambos, and D. Vaughan (2009), Basal conditions for Pine Island and Twaites glaciers, West Antarctica, determined using satellite and airborne data, J. Glaciol., 55(190), 245257.
  • MacAyeal, D. R. (1989), Large-scale ice flow over a viscous basal sediment: Theory and application to ice stream B, Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 94(B4), 40714087.
  • MacAyeal, D. (1993), A tutorial on the use of control methods in ice-sheet modeling, J. Glaciol., 39(131), 9198.
  • Maule, C. F., M. E. Purucker, N. Olsen, and K. Mosegaard (2005), Heat flux anomalies in Antarctica revealed by satellite magnetic data, Science, 309(5733), 464467.
  • Nowicki, S. M. J., and D. J. Wingham (2008), Conditions for a steady ice sheet-ice shelf junction, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 265(1–2), 246255.
  • Paterson, W. (1994), The Physics of Glaciers, 3rd ed., Pergamon, Oxford, U. K.
  • Pattyn, F. (2003), A new three-dimensional higher-order thermomechanical ice sheet model: Basic sensitivity, ice stream development, and ice flow across subglacial lakes, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B8), 2382, doi:10.1029/2002JB002329.
  • Rignot, E. (2008), Changes in West Antarctic ice stream dynamics observed with ALOS PALSAR data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L12505, doi:10.1029/2008GL033365.
  • Rignot, E., D. Vaughan, M. Schmeltz, T. Dupont, and D. MacAyeal (2002), Acceleration of Pine Island and Thwaites glaciers, West Antarctica, Ann. Glaciol., 34, 189194.
  • Thomas, R., E. Rignot, P. Kanagaratnam, W. Krabill, and G. Casassa (2004), Force-perturbation analysis of Pine Island Glacier, Antarctica, suggests cause for recent acceleration, Ann. Glaciol., 39, 133138.
  • van den Broeke, M. (2008), Depth and density of the Antarctic firn layer, Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 40(2), 432438.
  • van der Veen, C. J., and I. M. Whillans (1989), Force budget: I. Theory and numerical methods, J. Glaciol., 35, 5360.
  • Vaughan, D. G., H. F. J. Corr, F. Ferraccioli, N. Frearson, A. O'Hare, D. Mach, J. W. Holt, D. D. Blankenship, D. L. Morse, and D. A. Young (2006), New boundary conditions for the West Antarctic ice sheet: Subglacial topography beneath Pine Island Glacier, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L09501, doi:10.1029/2005GL025588.
  • Vieli, A., and A. Payne (2003), Application of control methods for modelling the flow of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, Ann. Glaciol., 36, 197204.
  • Vogel, C. R. (2002), Computational Methods for Inverse Problems, Soc. for Ind. and Appl. Math., Philadelphia, Pa.