Thermospheric composition variations due to nonmigrating tides and their effect on ionosphere

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Abstract

[1] The TIMED/GUVI thermospheric composition (O/N2 ratio) over 2009 reveals clear wave-3 (summer season) and wave-4 (Fall season) longitudinal dependence. The wave peak to valley varies from 7 to 11% of the background O/N2. The low Kp (yearly mean of 0.9) and low solar EUV flux indicates that the wave features were not caused by geomagnetic activity or solar EUV variation. A more likely explanation is nonmigrating diurnal eastward propagating DE2 and DE3 tides. Model calculations indicate that a 10% variation in O/N2 makes 1/3 contribution to the nightside equatorial 135.6 nm intensities compared to the variation due to the E-region dynamo electric field. This study confirms that nonmigrating tides can penetrate toward the upper thermosphere, both O/N2 and the E-region dynamo should be considered in analyzing ionospheric density variations due to nonmigrating tides. Comparison with MSIS results indicates that the nonmigrating tides have stronger effect on O/N2 than the migrating tides.

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