Precipitating cloud-system response to aerosol perturbations
Article first published online: 15 DEC 2010
Copyright 2010 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 37, Issue 23, December 2010
How to Cite
2010), Precipitating cloud-system response to aerosol perturbations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L23806, doi:10.1029/2010GL045596., and (
- Issue published online: 15 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 15 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 NOV 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 25 OCT 2010
- Manuscript Received: 23 SEP 2010
 We simulate aerosol effects on a Tropical Western Pacific mixed-phase convective cloud system of two-day duration that is well constrained by observations. This facilitates exploration of aerosol-induced changes in precipitation pathways. A 10-fold increase in aerosol produces a small (9%) increase in the simulated precipitation due to an enhancement in convective rain countering a reduction in stratiform rain. A more distinct feature is that in stratiform clouds, precipitation efficiency PE and scavenging efficiency SE decrease significantly with increasing aerosol. There is very close agreement between PE and SE both temporally and for stratiform vs. convective rain. The time required for the perturbed system to relax back to the unperturbed aerosol state is ∼10 days, with only weak sensitivity to the magnitude of the aerosol perturbation and the modeled increase (or decrease) in precipitation. The upper tropospheric relaxation time is substantially longer, with implications for direct forcing and heterogeneous chemistry.