Slip acceleration generates seismic tremor like signals in friction experiments

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Abstract

[1] Since their discovery nearly a decade ago, the origin of seismic tremor remains unclear. Recent studies indicate that various driving phenomena such as Earth and ocean tides, regional and teleseismic earthquakes enhance tremor activity. Observations of the coincidence with slow-slip events and of fast migrations of tremors have led frictional slip to be considered as the possible source of tremors. Indeed, laboratory friction experiments succeeded in generating and recording tremor like signals (TLS). Here we show a systematic correlation between the onset of slip acceleration and the emission of TLS in a laboratory friction experiment. TLS are generated when the shear stress reaches the peak static resistance and the dilatancy meets its maximum that is when the mature interface is close to failure. This robust result provides a comprehensive image of how natural seismic tremors might be generated and/or triggered by passing seismic waves, tides or even slow slip events.

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