Terdiurnal tide in the extended Canadian Middle Atmospheric Model (CMAM)

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Abstract

[1] We use the extended Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model (CMAM), a general circulation model (GCM), to investigate the nature of the terdiurnal tide. Temperature and horizontal winds from a model run are analyzed to delineate the character of this tide for zonal wave numbers s = −5 to +5. Descriptions of the annual mean amplitudes, seasonal variations, and total tide superposed from the migrating and 10 nonmigrating components are provided. The amplitudes and vertical wavelengths of the various components and the total terdiurnal tide are found to depend strongly on season, latitude, and altitude. The migrating terdiurnal component maximizes at mid and high latitudes with significant amplitudes (annual mean amplitude in wind (temperature) >10 m/s (K)) in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region. Between 80 and 100 km, maximum amplitudes occur in winter in both hemispheres, whereas above 100 km, maximum amplitudes occur during solstices. For the zonal wind field, the nonmigrating terdiurnal components Te5, Te3, Te4, Tw4, and Tw5 tend to peak at >50°N/S with amplitudes between 2 and 8 m/s. The other nonmigrating components maximize in the polar regions with amplitudes of 2–10 m/s. Possible generation mechanisms (solar heating and nonlinear interactions) for the migrating terdiurnal tide in the MLT region are also examined. Correlation analysis indicates that nonlinear interactions between the migrating diurnal and semidiurnal tides are unlikely to be the source of the migrating terdiurnal tide.

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