SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bagnold, R. A. (1973), The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Areas, 265 pp., Chapman and Hall, London.
  • Bellamy, J. C. (1949), Objective calculations of divergence, vertical velocity, and vorticity, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 30, 4549.
  • Bluestein, H. B. (1992), Synoptic-Dynamic Meteorology in Midlatitudes, vol 1, Principles of Kinematics and Dynamics, 448 pp., Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, U. K.
  • Blumen, W. (1972), Geostrophic adjustment, Rev. Geophys., 10, 485528, doi:10.1029/RG010i002p00485.
  • Bullard, J., M. Braddock, G. McTainsh, and J. Leys (2008), Sub-basin scale dust source geomorphology detected using MODIS, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L15404, doi:10.1029/2008GL033928.
  • Carlson, T. N. (1991), Mid-latitude Weather Systems, 507 pp., Academic, San Diego, Calif.
  • Changery, M. J. (1983), A dust climatology of the western United States, report, 32 pp., U.S. Nucl. Regul. Comm., Ashville, N. C.
  • Cohn, S., J. Lewis, and J. Hallett (2004), The February 28, 2002 Reno dust storm: A case study, paper presented at 13th Conference on Application of Air Pollution Meteorology, Air and Waste Manage. Assoc., Vancouver, B. C., Canada.
  • Cohn, S., J. Hallett, and J. Lewis (2006), Teaching graduate atmospheric measurement, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 87, 16731678, doi:10.1175/BAMS-87-12-1673.
  • Danielsen, E. F. (1968), Stratospheric-tropospheric exchange of radioactivity, ozone, and potential vorticity, J. Atmos. Sci., 25, 502518, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1968)025<0502:STEBOR>2.0.CO;2.
  • Danielsen, E. F. (1974a), The generation and triggering of severe convective storms by large-scale motions, in Proceedings of the Severe Environmental Storms and Mesoscale Experiment (SESAME), edited by D. K. Lilly, pp. 165185, NOAA, Boulder, Colo.
  • Danielsen, E. F. (1974b), The relationship between severe weather, major dust storms and rapid large-scale cyclogenesis, Part I, in Subsynoptic Extratropical Weather Systems: Observation, Analysis, Modeling and Prediction. Notes From a Colloquium, vol. II, pp. 215241, Natl. Cent. for Atmos. Res., Boulder, Colo.
  • Eliassen, A. (1952), Slow thermally or frictionally controlled meridional circulations in a circular vortex, Astrophys. Norv., 5, 1960.
  • Eliassen, A. (1962), On the vertical circulation in frontal zones, Geophys. Publikasjoner, 24(4), 147160.
  • Eliassen, A. (1983), The Charney-Stern theorem on barotropic-baroclinic instability, Pure Appl. Geophys., 121, 563572, doi:10.1007/BF02590155.
  • Eliassen, A. (1984), Geostrophy, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 110, 112, doi:10.1002/qj.49711046302.
  • Forsythe, G. E. (1945), A generalization of the thermal wind equation to arbitrary horizontal flow, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 26, 371375.
  • Galperin, B., S. Sukoriansky, and P. S. Anderson (2007), On the critical Richardson number in stably stratified turbulence, Atmos. Res. Lett., 8, 6569, doi:10.1002/asl.153.
  • Gillies, J. A., C. M. O’Connor, Y. Mamane, and A. W. Gertler (1999), Chemical profiles for characterizing dust sources in an urban area, western Nevada, USA, Z. Geomorphol., 116, 1944.
  • Goudie, A. S. (2009), Dust storms: Recent developments, J. Environ. Manage., 90, 8994, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.07.007.
  • Goudie, A. S., and N. J. Middleton (2006), Desert Dust on the Global Systems, 287 pp., Springer, Berlin.
  • Idso, S. (1976), Dust storms, Sci. Am., 235, 108111, 113–115, doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1076-108.
  • Idso, S., and A. Brazel (1977), Planetary radiation balance as a function of atmospheric dust: Climatological consequences, Science, 198, 731733, doi:10.1126/science.198.4318.731.
  • Kalnay, E., et al. (1996), The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 437470, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<0437:TNYRP>2.0.CO;2.
  • Karyampudi, V. M., M. L. Kaplan, S. E. Koch, and R. Zamora (1995), The influence of the Rocky Mountains in the 13–14 April 1986 severe weather outbreak. Part I: Mesoscale lee cyclogenesis and its relationship to severe weather and dust storms, Mon. Weather Rev., 123, 13941422, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1995)123<1394:TIOTRM>2.0.CO;2.
  • Keyser, D., and M. A. Shapiro (1986), A review of the structure and dynamics of upper-level frontal zones, Mon. Weather Rev., 114, 452499, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1986)114<0452:AROTSA>2.0.CO;2.
  • Liu, M., D. L. Westphal, S. Wang, A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, J. Zhou, and Y. Chen (2003), A high-resolution numerical study of the Asian dust storms of April 2001, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D23), 8653, doi:10.1029/2002JD003178.
  • Martin, J. E. (2006), Mid-Latitude Atmospheric Dynamics: A First Course, 336 pp., John Wiley, Hoboken, N. J.
  • Mesinger, F., Z. Janjic, S. Nickovic, D. Gavrilov, and D. G. Deavon (1988), The step-mountain coordinate: Model description and performance for cases of Alpine lee cyclogenesis and for a case of an Appalachian redevelopment, Mon. Weather Rev., 116, 14931518, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1988)116<1493:TSMCMD>2.0.CO;2.
  • Mesinger, F., et al. (2006), North American Regional Reanalysis, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 87, 343360, doi:10.1175/BAMS-87-3-343.
  • Miller, R. L., and I. Tegan (1998), Climate response to soil dust aerosols, J. Clim., 11, 32473267, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<3247:CRTSDA>2.0.CO;2.
  • Moore, J. T., and G. E. VanKnowe (1992), The effect of jet-streak curvature on kinematic fields, Mon. Weather Rev., 120, 24292441, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1992)120<2429:TEOJSC>2.0.CO;2.
  • Obukhov, A. M. (1949), On the question of the geostrophic wind, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Geograf. Geofiz., 13, 281306.
  • Orgill, M. M., and G. A. Sehrnel (1976), Frequency and diurnal variation of dust storms in the contiguous U.S.A, Atmos. Environ., 10, 813825, doi:10.1016/0004-6981(76)90136-0.
  • Pauley, P. M., N. L. Baker, and E. H. Barker (1996), An observational study of the “Interstate 5” dust storm case, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 693720, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<0693:AOSOTD>2.0.CO;2.
  • Reynolds, O. (1893), An experimental investigation of the circumstances which determine whether the motion of water shall be direct or sinuous and of the law of resistance in parallel channels, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A, 174, 935982.
  • Richardson, L. F. (1920), The supply of energy from and to atmospheric eddies, Proc. R. Soc. A, 97, 354373.
  • Rochette, S. M., and P. S. Market (2006), A primer on the ageostrophic wind, Natl. Weather Dig., 30, 1728.
  • Rossby, C. G. (1937), On the mutual adjustment of pressure and velocity distributions in certain simple current systems, I, J. Mar. Res., 1, 1528.
  • Rossby, C. G. (1938), On the mutual adjustment of pressure and velocity distributions in simple current systems, II, J. Mar. Res., 1, 239263.
  • Saucier, W. J. (1955), Principles of Meteorological Analysis, 438 pp., Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill.
  • Sawyer, J. S. (1956), The vertical circulation at meteorological fronts and its relation to frontogenesis, Proc. R. Soc. A, A234, 246262.
  • Schubert, S. D., M. J. Suarez, P. J. Pegion, R. D. Koster, and D. T. Bacmeister (2004), On the cause of the 1930s Dust Bowl, Science, 303, 18551859, doi:10.1126/science.1095048.
  • Shao, Y. (2000), Physics and Modelling of Wind Erosion, 393 pp., Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass.
  • Skamarock, W. C., J. B. Klemp, J. Dudhia, D. O. Gill, D. M. Barker, M. G. Duda, X.-Y. Huang, W. Wang, and J. G. Powers (2008), A description of the advanced research WRF version 3, NCAR Tech. Note, NCAR/TN-475+STR, 113 pp., NCAR, Boulder, Colo.
  • Stewart, G. R. (1953), U. S. 40 Cross Section of the United States, 311 pp., Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass.
  • Stull, R. B. (1988), An Introduction to Boundary Layer Meteorology, 670 pp., Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass.
  • Szykman, J., D. Mintz, J. Creilson, and M. Wayland (2003), Impact of April 2001 Asian dust event on particulate matter: Concentrations in the United States, National air quality and emission trends report, 12 pp., U.S. Environ. Prot. Agency, Washington, D. C.
  • Wallace, J., and P. Hobbs (1977), Atmospheric Science (An Introductory Survey), 467 pp., Academic, San Diego, Calif.
  • Washington, R., M. Todd, N. J. Middleton, and A. S. Goudie (2003), Dust storm source areas determined by the Total Ozone Monitoring Spectrometer and surface observations, Ann. Assoc. Am. Geogr., 93(2), 297313, doi:10.1111/1467-8306.9302003.
  • Wilshire, H. G., J. K. Nakata, and B. Hallet (1981), Field observations of the December 1977 wind storm in San Joaquin Valley, Spec. Pap. Geol. Soc. of Am., 186, 233251.
  • Worster, D. (1979), Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930s, 277 pp., Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, U. K.
  • Zilitinkevich, S. S., T. Elperin, N. Kleeorin, I. Rogachevskii, I. Esau, T. Mauritsen, and M. W. Miles (2008), Turbulence energetics in stably stratified geophysical flows: Strong and weak mixing regimes, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 134, 793799, doi:10.1002/qj.264.