SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adams, H. D., M. Guardiola-Claramonte, G. A. Barron-Gafford, J. C. Villegas, D. D. Breshears, C. B. Zou, P. A. Troch, and T. E. Huxman (2009), Temperature sensitivity of drought-induced tree mortality portends increased regional die-off under global-change-type drought, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 106(17), 70637066.
  • Adams, J., and J. Berry (1999), Thermal tolerance of rainforest species, paper presented at Plant Biology Annual Meeting, Am. Soc. of Plant Physiol., Baltimore, Md.,
  • Allen, J., and M. Nelson (1999), Biospherics and Biosphere 2, mission one (1991–1993): Overview and design, Ecol. Eng., 13(1–4), 1529.
  • Amthor, J. S., and D. D. Baldocchi (2001), Terrestrial higher plant respiration and net primary production, in Terrestrial Global Productivity, edited by J. Roy, B. Saugier, and H. A. Mooney, pp. 3359, Academic, San Diego, Calif.,
  • Arain, M. A., W. J. Shuttleworth, B. Farnsworth, J. Adams, and O. L. Sen (2000), Comparing micrometeorology of rain forests in Biosphere-2 and Amazon basin, Agric. For. Meteorol., 100(4), 273289.
  • Baker, I., A. S. Denning, N. Hanan, L. Prihodko, M. Uliasz, P. L. Vidale, K. Davis, and P. Bakwin (2003), Simulated and observed fluxes of sensible and latent heat and CO2 at the WLEF-TV tower using SiB2.5, Global Change Biol., 9(9), 12621277.
  • Baker, I. T., L. Prihodko, A. S. Denning, M. Goulden, S. Miller, and H. R. da Rocha (2008), Seasonal drought stress in the Amazon: Reconciling models and observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, G00B01, doi:10.1029/2007JG000644.
  • Baldocchi, D. D. (2003), Assessing the eddy covariance technique for evaluating carbon dioxide exchange rates of ecosystems: Past, present, and future, Global Change Biol., 9, 479492.
  • Baldocchi, D. D., and J. S. Amthor (2001), Canopy photosynthesis: History, measurements, and models, in Terrestrial Global Productivity, edited by J. Roy, B. Saugier, and H. A. Mooney, pp. 931, Academic, San Diego, Calif.,
  • Betts, R. A., P. M. Cox, M. Collins, P. P. Harris, C. Huntingford, and C. D. Jones (2004), The role of ecosystem-atmosphere interactions in simulated Amazonian precipitation decrease and forest dieback under global climate warming, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 78, 157175, doi: 10.1007/s00704-004-0050-y.
  • Bonan, G. (2002), Ecological climatology: Concepts and Applications, 1st ed., 678 pp., Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Botta, A., N. Ramankutty, and J. A. Foley (2002), Long-term variations of climate and carbon fluxes over the Amazon basin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(9), 1319, doi:10.1029/2001GL013607.
  • Bradley, K. L., and K. S. Pregitzer (2007), Ecosystem assembly and terrestrial carbon balance under elevated CO2, Trends Ecol. Evol., 22(10), 538547.
  • Bruno, R. D., H. R. da Rocha, H. C. de Freitas, M. L. Goulden, and S. D. Miller (2006), Soil moisture dynamics in an eastern Amazonian tropical forest, Hydrol. Processes, 20(12), 24772489.
  • Carswell, F. E., P. Meir, E. V. Wandelli, L. C. M. Bonates, B. Kruijt, E. M. Barbosa, A. D. Nobre, J. Grace, and P. G. Jarvis (2000), Photosynthetic capacity in a central Amazonian rain forest, Tree Physiol., 20(3), 179186.
  • Chambers, J. Q., E. S. Tribuzy, L. C. Toledo, B. F. Crispim, N. Higuchi, J. dos Santos, A. C. Araujo, B. Kruijt, A. D. Nobre, and S. E. Trumbore (2004), Respiration from a tropical forest ecosystem: Partitioning of sources and low carbon use efficiency, Ecol. Appl., 14(4), S72S88.
  • Clapp, R. B., and G. M. Hornberger (1978), Empirical equations for some soil hydraulic properties, Water Resour. Res., 14(4), 601604.
  • Clark, D. A. (2004), Sources or sinks? The responses of tropical forests to current and future climate and atmospheric composition, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, 359, 477491, doi:10.1098/rstb.2003.1426.
  • Clark, D. A., S. C. Piper, C. D. Keeling, and D. B. Clark (2003), Tropical rain forest tree growth and atmospheric carbon dynamics linked to interannual temperature variation during 1984–2000, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 100(10), 58525857.
  • Cockell, C. S., A. Southern, and A. Herrera (2000), Lack of UV radiation in Biosphere 2: Practical and theoretical effects on plants, Ecol. Eng., 16(2), 293299.
  • Colello, G. D., C. Grivet, P. J. Sellers, and J. A. Berry (1998), Modeling of energy, water, and CO2 flux in a temperate grassland ecosystem with SiB2: May–October 1987, J. Atmos. Sci., 55(7), 11411169.
  • Collatz, G. J., J. T. Ball, C. Grivet, and J. A. Berry (1991), Physiological and environmental regulation of stomatal conductance, photosynthesis and transpiration: A model that includes a laminar boundary-layer, Agric. For. Meterol., 54(2–4), 107136.
  • Cosby, B. J., G. M. Hornberger, R. B. Clapp, and T. R. Ginn (1984), A statistical exploration of the relationships of soil moisture characteristics to the physical properties of soils, Water Resour. Res., 20(6), 682690.
  • Crawford, T. M., and C. E. Duchon (1999), An improved parameterization for estimating effective atmospheric emissivity for use in calculating daytime downwelling longwave radiation, J. Appl. Meterol., 38(4), 474480.
  • Dai, Y. J., et al. (2003), The Common Land Model, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 84(8), 1013.
  • da Rocha, H. R., P. J. Sellers, G. J. Collatz, I. R. Wright, and J. Grace (1996), Calibration and use of the SiB2 model to estimate water vapour and carbon exchange at the ABRAC0S forest sites, in Amazonian Deforestation and Climate, edited by J. H. C. Gash, et al., pp. 459451, John Wiley, Chichester, U. K.,
  • Deardorff, J. W. (1978), Efficient prediction of ground surface temperature and moisture with inclusion of a layer of vegetation, J. Geophy. Res., 83, 18891903.
  • de Gonçalves, L. G. G., I. Baker, B. Christoffersen, M. Costa, N. Restrepo-Coupe, H. da Rocha, S. Saleska, and M. N. Muza (2010) The Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazônia Model-Data Intercomparison Project (LBA-DMIP) protocol, 24 pp., available at http://www.climatemodeling.org/lba-mip/(accessed 30 August 2010).
  • Dempster, W. F. (1999), Biosphere 2 engineering design, Ecol. Eng., 13(1–4), 3142.
  • Denning, A. S., G. J. Collatz, C. G. Zhang, D. A. Randall, J. A. Berry, P. J. Sellers, G. D. Colello, and D. A. Dazlich (1996), Simulations of terrestrial carbon metabolism and atmospheric CO2 in a general circulation model. 1. Surface carbon fluxes, Tellus, Ser. B, 48(4), 521542.
  • Doughty, C. E., and M. L. Goulden (2008), Are tropical forests near a high temperature threshold? J. Geophys. Res., 113, G00B07, doi:10.1029/2007JG000632.
  • Farquhar, G. D., S. V. Caemmerer, and J. A. Berry (1980), A biochemical model of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation in leaves of C3 species, Planta, 149(1), 7890.
  • Gupta, H. V., S. Sorooshian, and P. O. Yapo (1998), Toward improved calibration of hydrologic models: Multiple and noncommensurable measures of information, Water Resour. Res., 34(4), 751763.
  • Gupta, H. V., L. A. Bastidas, S. Sorooshian, W. J. Shuttleworth, and Z. L. Yang (1999), Parameter estimation of a land surface scheme using multicriteria methods, J. Geophys. Res., 104(D16), 19,49119,503.
  • Hanan, N. P., J. A. Berry, S. B. Verma, E. A. Walter-Shea, A. E. Suyker, G. G. Burba, and A. S. Denning (2005), Testing a model of CO2, water and energy exchange in Great Plains tallgrass prairie and wheat ecosystems, Agric. For. Meterol., 131(3–4), 162179.
  • Hogan, K. P., A. P. Smith, and L. H. Ziska (1991), Potential effects of elevated CO2 and changes in temperature on tropical plants. Plant Cell Environ., 14, 763778.
  • Houghton, R. A. (2005), Aboveground forest biomass and the global carbon balance, Global Change Biol., 11(6), 945958.
  • Hutyra, L. R., J. W. Munger, E. Hammond-Pyle, S. R. Saleska, N. Restrepo-Coupe, B. C. Daube, P. B. de Camargo, and S. C. Wofsy (2008), Resolving systematic errors in estimates of net ecosystem exchange of CO2 and ecosystem respiration in a tropical forest biome, Agric. For. Meterol., 148(8–9), 12661279.
  • Huxman, T., P. Troch, J. Chorover, D. D. Breshears, S. Saleska, J. Pelletier, and X. Z. J. Espeleta (2009), The hills are alive: Earth science in a controlled environment, Eos Trans. AGU, 90(14), 120, doi:10.1029/2009EO140003.
  • Idso, S. B. (1981), A set of equations for full spectrum and 8 μm to 14 μm and 10.5 μm to 12.5 μm thermal radiation from cloudless skies, Water Resour. Res., 17(2), 295304.
  • Jackson, R. B., J. Canadell, J. R. Ehleringer, H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze (1996), A global analysis of root distributions for terrestrial biomes, Oecologia, 108(3), 389411.
  • Janzen, D. H. (1967), Why mountain passes are higher in the tropics, Am. Nat., 101(919), 233249, doi:10.1086/282487.
  • Leigh, L. S., T. Burgess, B. D. V. Marino, and Y. D. Wei (1999), Tropical rainforest biome of Biosphere 2: Structure, composition and results of the first 2 years of operation, Ecol. Eng., 13(1–4), 6593.
  • Lin, G. H., B. D. V. Marino, Y. D. Wei, J. Adams, F. Tubiello, and J. A. Berry (1998), An experimental and modeling study of responses in ecosystems carbon exchanges to increasing CO2 concentrations using a tropical rainforest mesocosm, Aust. J. Plant Physiol., 25(5), 547556.
  • Lin, G. H., J. Adams, B. Farnsworth, Y. D. Wei, B. D. V. Marino, and J. A. Berry (1999), Ecosystem carbon exchange in two terrestrial ecosystem mesocosms under changing atmospheric CO2 concentrations, Oecologia, 119(1), 97108.
  • Liu, Y., H. V. Gupta, S. Sorooshian, L. A. Bastidas, and W. J. Shuttleworth (2004), Exploring parameter sensitivities of the land surface using a locally coupled land-atmosphere model, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D21101, doi:10.1029/2004JD004730.
  • Liu, Y., H. V. Gupta, S. Sorooshian, L. A. Bastidas, and W. J. Shuttleworth (2005), Constraining land surface and atmospheric parameters of a locally coupled model using observational data, J. Hydrometerol., 6(2), 156172.
  • Lloyd, J., and G. D. Farquhar (2008), Effects of rising temperatures and CO2 on the physiology of tropical forest trees, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. B, 363(1498), 18111817.
  • Lloyd, J., J. Grace, A. C. Miranda, P. Meir, S. C. Wong, B. S. Miranda, I. R. Wright, J. H. C. Gash, and J. McIntyre (1995), A simple calibrated model of Amazon rainforest productivity based on leaf biochemical properties, Plant Cell Environ., 18(10), 11291145.
  • Malhi, Y., A. D. Nobre, J. Grace, B. Kruijt, M. G. P. Pereira, A. Culf, and S. Scott (1998), Carbon dioxide transfer over a Central Amazonian rain forest, J. Geophys. Res., 103(D24), 31,59331,612.
  • Malhi, Y., D. D. Baldocchi, and P. G. Jarvis (1999), The carbon balance of tropical, temperate and boreal forests, Plant Cell Environ., 22(6), 715740.
  • Meir, P., J. Grace, A. Miranda, and J. Lloyd (1996), Soil respiration in a rainforest in Amazonia and in cerrado in central Brazil, in Amazonian Deforestation and Climate, edited by J. H. C. Gash, et al., pp. 319329, John Wiley, Chichester, U. K.,
  • Meir, P., B. Kruijt, M. Broadmeadow, E. Barbosa, O. Kull, F. Carswell, A. Nobre, and P. G. Jarvis (2002), Acclimation of photosynthetic capacity to irradiance in tree canopies in relation to leaf nitrogen concentration and leaf mass per unit area, Plant Cell Environ., 25, 343357.
  • Miller, S. D., M. L. Goulden, M. C. Menton, H. R. da Rocha, H. C. de Freitas, A. Figueira, and C. A. D. de Sousa (2004), Biometric and micrometeorological measurements of tropical forest carbon balance, Ecol. Appl., 14(4), S114S126.
  • Myneni, R. B., et al. (2007), Large seasonal swings in leaf area of Amazon rainforests, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 104(12), 48204823.
  • Nelson, M., T. Burgess, A. Alling, N. Alvarez-Romo, W. Dempster, R. Walford, and J. Allen (1993), Using a closed ecological system to study Earth's biosphere: Initial results from Biosphere 2, BioScience, 43(4), 225236.
  • Nepstad, D. C., et al. (2002), The effects of partial throughfall exclusion on canopy processes, aboveground production, and biogeochemistry of an Amazon forest, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D20), 8085, doi:10.1029/2001JD000360.
  • Norby, R. J., et al. (2002), Net primary productivity of a CO2-enriched deciduous forest and the implications for carbon storage, Ecol. Appl., 12(5), 12611266.
  • Norman, J. M., R. Garcia, and S. B. Verma (1992), Soil surface CO2 fluxes and the carbon budget of a grassland, J. Geophys. Res., 97(D17), 18,84518,853.
  • Nowak, R. S., D. S. Ellsworth, and S. D. Smith (2004), Functional responses of plants to elevated atmospheric CO2: Do photosynthetic and productivity data from FACE experiments support early predictions? New Phytol., 162(2), 253280.
  • Osmond, B., et al. (2004), Changing the way we think about global change research: Scaling up in experimental ecosystem science, Global Change Biol., 10(4), 393407.
  • Potter, C., S. Klooster, C. R. de Carvalho, V. B. Genovese, A. Torregrosa, J. Dungan, M. Bobo, and J. Coughlan (2001), Modeling seasonal and interannual variability in ecosystem carbon cycling for the Brazilian Amazon region, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D10), 10,42310,446.
  • Raich, J. W., E. B. Rastetter, J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, P. A. Steudler, B. J. Peterson, A. L. Grace, B. Moore, and C. J. Vorosmarty (1991), Potential net primary productivity in South America: Application of a global model, Ecol. Appl., 1(4), 399429.
  • Randall, D. A., D. A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, A. S. Denning, P. J. Sellers, C. J. Tucker, L. Bounoua, S. O. Los, C. O. Justice, and I. Fung (1996), A revised land surface parameterization (SiB2) for GCMs. 3. The greening of the Colorado State University general circulation model, J. Clim., 9(4), 738763.
  • Rascher, U., et al. (2004), Functional diversity of photosynthesis during drought in a model tropical rainforest: The contributions of leaf area, photosynthetic electron transport and stomatal conductance to reduction in net ecosystem carbon exchange, Plant Cell Environ., 27(10), 12391256.
  • Rosenthal, Y., B. Farnsworth, F. V. R. Romo, G. H. Lin, and B. D. V. Marino (1999), High quality, continuous measurements of CO2 in Biosphere 2 to assess whole mesocosm carbon cycling, Ecol. Eng., 13(1–4), 249262.
  • Rosolem, R., L. A. Bastidas, W. J. Shuttleworth, L. G. G. de Goncalves, E. J. Burke, H. R. da Rocha, S. D. Miller, and M. L. Goulden (2005), Evaluation of effects of selective logging on energy-water and carbon exchange processes, in Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change: Hydroclimatic Variability, edited by S. Franks, et al., IAHS Publ., 296, 118125.
  • Rosolem, R., W. J. Shuttleworth, and L. G. G. de Goncalves (2008), Is the data collection period of the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia representative of long-term climatology? J. Geophys. Res., 113, G00B09, doi:10.1029/2007JG000628.
  • Saleska, S. R., M. R. Shaw, M. Fischer, J. Dunne, C. J. Still, M. Holman, and J. Harte (2002), Plant community composition mediates both large transient decline and predicted long-term recovery of soil carbon under climate warming, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 16(4), 1055, doi:10.1029/2001GB001573.
  • Saleska, S. R., et al. (2003), Carbon in Amazon forests: Unexpected seasonal fluxes and disturbance-induced losses, Science, 302(5650), 15541557.
  • Saleska, S. R., K. Didan, A. R. Huete, and H. R. da Rocha (2007), Amazon forests green-up during 2005 drought, Science, 318(5850), 612.
  • Samanta, A., S. Ganguly, H. Hashimoto, S. Devadiga, E. Vermote, Y. Knyazikhin, R. R. Nemani, and R. B. Myneni (2010), Amazon forests did not green-up during the 2005 drought, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L05401, doi:10.1029/2009GL042154.
  • Sato, N., P. J. Sellers, D. A. Randall, E. K. Schneider, J. Shukla, J. L. K. III, Y.-T. Hou, and E. Albertazzi (1989), Implementing the Simple Biosphere model (SiB) in a general circulation model: Methodologies and results, NASA Conf. Rep., CR 185509.
  • Scott, H. J. (1999), Characteristics of soils in the tropical rainforest biome of Biosphere 2 after 3 years, Ecol. Eng., 13(1–4), 95106.
  • Sellers, P. J., Y. Mintz, Y. C. Sud, and A. Dalcher (1986), A Simple Biosphere model (SiB) for use within general circulation models, J. Atmos. Sci., 43(6), 505531.
  • Sellers, P. J., J. A. Berry, G. J. Collatz, C. B. Field, and F. G. Hall (1992), Canopy reflectance, photosynthesis, and transpiration. 3. A reanalysis using improved leaf models and a new canopy integration scheme, Remote Sens. Environ., 42(3), 187216.
  • Sellers, P. J., D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, J. A. Berry, C. B. Field, D. A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, G. D. Collelo, and L. Bounoua (1996a), A revised land surface parameterization (SiB2) for atmospheric GCMs. 1. Model formulation, J. Clim., 9(4), 676705.
  • Sellers, P. J., S. O. Los, C. J. Tucker, C. O. Justice, D. A. Dazlich, G. J. Collatz, and D. A. Randall (1996b), A revised land surface parameterization (SiB2) for atmospheric GCMs. 2. The generation of global fields of terrestrial biophysical parameters from satellite data, J. Clim., 9(4), 706737.
  • Sellers, P. J., et al. (1997), Modeling the exchanges of energy, water, and carbon between continents and the atmosphere, Science, 275(5299), 502509.
  • Shaver, G. R., S. M. Bret-Harte, M. H. Jones, J. Johnstone, L. Gough, J. Laundre, and F. S. Chapin (2001), Species composition interacts with fertilizer to control long-term change in tundra productivity, Ecology, 82(11), 31633181.
  • Sotta, E. D., P. Meir, Y. Malhi, A. D. Nobre, M. Hodnett, and J. Grace (2004), Soil CO2 efflux in a tropical forest in the central Amazon, Global Change Biol., 10(5), 601617.
  • Stensrud, D. J. (2007), Parameterization schemes: keys to understanding numerical weather prediction models, 1st ed., 459 pp., Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
  • Stöckli, R., and P. L. Vidale (2005), Modeling diurnal to seasonal water and heat exchanges at European Fluxnet sites, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 80(2–4), 229243.
  • Stull, R. B. (1988), An Introduction to Boundary Layer Meteorology, 1st ed., 666 pp., Springer, New York.
  • Tian, H., J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire, J. Helfrich, B. Moore, and C. J. Vorosmarty (2000), Climatic and biotic controls on annual carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystems, Global Ecol. Biogeogr., 9(4), 315335.
  • Tian, H. Q., J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire, J. V. K. Helfrich, B. Moore, and C. J. Vorosmarty (1998), Effect of interannual climate variability on carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystems, Nature, 396(6712), 664667.
  • Tubiello, F. N., G. Lin, J. W. Druitt, and B. D. V. Marino (1999), Ecosystem-level evapotranspiration and water-use efficiency in the desert biome of Biosphere 2, Ecol. Eng., 13(1–4), 263271.
  • Vidale, P. L., and R. Stöckli (2005), Prognostic canopy air space solutions for land surface exchanges, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 80(2–4), 245257.
  • Wallace, J. M., and P. V. Hobbs (1977), Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey, 1st ed., 467 pp., Academic, New York.
  • Wong, S. C., I. R. Cowan, and G. D. Farquhar (1985a), Leaf conductance in relation to rate of CO2 assimilation. 1. Influence of nitrogen nutrition, phosphorus nutrition, photon flux density, and ambient partial pressure of CO2 during ontogeny, Plant Physiol., 78(4), 821825.
  • Wong, S. C., I. R. Cowan, and G. D. Farquhar (1985b), Leaf conductance in relation to rate of CO2 assimilation. 2. Effects of short-term exposures to different photon flux densities, Plant Physiol., 78(4), 826829.
  • Wong, S. C., I. R. Cowan, and G. D. Farquhar (1985c), Leaf conductance in relation to rate of CO2 assimilation. 3. Influences of water-stress and photoinhibition, Plant Physiol., 78(4), 830834.
  • Wullschleger, S. D. (1993), Biochemical limitation to carbon assimilation in C3 plants. A retrospective analysis of the A/Ci curves from 109 species, J. Exp. Bot., 44(262), 907920.
  • Xiao, X. M., S. Hagen, Q. Y. Zhang, M. Keller, and B. Moore (2006), Detecting leaf phenology of seasonally moist tropical forests in South America with multi-temporal MODIS images, Remote Sens. Environ., 103(4), 465473.
  • Zabel, B., P. Hawes, H. Stuart, and B. D. V. Marino (1999), Construction and engineering of a created environment: Overview of the Biosphere 2 closed system, Ecol. Eng., 13(1–4), 4363.