MIMO communications within the HF band using compact antenna arrays
Article first published online: 3 DEC 2010
Copyright 2010 by the American Geophysical Union.
Volume 45, Issue 6, December 2010
How to Cite
2010), MIMO communications within the HF band using compact antenna arrays, Radio Sci., 45, RS6013, doi:10.1029/2010RS004416., , , , and (
- Issue published online: 3 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 3 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 AUG 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 7 JUL 2010
- Manuscript Received: 12 APR 2010
- HF radio communications
 Measurements have been made over a 255 km radio path between Durham and Leicester in the UK in order to investigate the potential applicability of multiple input multiple output (MIMO) techniques to communications within the HF band. This paper describes the results from experiments in which compact heterogeneous antenna arrays have been employed. The results of these experiments indicate that traditional spaced HF antenna arrays can be replaced by compact, active, heterogeneous arrays in order to achieve the required levels of decorrelation between the various antenna elements. An example case study is also presented which highlights the importance of the variable nature of the ionosphere in the context of HF-MIMO radio links.