• evapotranspiration;
  • land surface energy balance;
  • entropy production

[1] Building on a proof-of-concept study of energy balance over dry soil, a model of evapotranspiration is proposed based on the theory of maximum entropy production (MEP). The MEP formalism leads to an analytical solution of evaporation rate (latent heat flux), together with sensible and ground heat fluxes, as a function of surface soil temperature, surface humidity, and net radiation. The model covers the entire range of soil wetness from dry to saturation. The MEP model of transpiration is formulated as a special case of bare soil evaporation. Test of the MEP model using field observations indicates that the model performs well over bare soil and canopy.