Statistical applications of physically based hydrologic models to seasonal streamflow forecasts
Article first published online: 22 SEP 2011
Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.
Water Resources Research
Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2011
How to Cite
2011), Statistical applications of physically based hydrologic models to seasonal streamflow forecasts, Water Resour. Res., 47, W00H14, doi:10.1029/2010WR010101., , and (
- Issue published online: 22 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 22 SEP 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 14 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Received: 8 OCT 2010
- hydrologic modeling;
- seasonal streamflow;
- statistical forecasts
 Despite advances in physically based hydrologic models and prediction systems, long-standing statistical methods remain a fundamental component in most operational forecasts of seasonal streamflow. We develop a hybrid framework that employs gridded observed precipitation and model-simulated snow water equivalent (SWE) data as predictors in regression equations adapted from an operational forecasting environment. We test the modified approach using the semidistributed variable infiltration capacity hydrologic model in a case study of California's Sacramento River, San Joaquin River, and Tulare Lake hydrologic regions. The approach employs a principal components regression methodology, adapted from the Natural Resources Conservation Service, which leverages the ability of the distributed model to provide an added dimension to SWE predictors in a statistical framework. Hybrid forecasts based on data simulated at grid points acting as surrogates for ground-based observing stations are found to perform comparably to those based on their observed counterparts. When a larger selection of grid points are considered as potential predictors, hybrid forecasts achieve superior skill, with the largest benefits in watersheds that are poorly represented in terms of ground-based observations. Forecasts are also found to offer overall improvement over those officially issued by California's Department of Water Resources, although their specific performance in dry years is less consistent. The study demonstrates the utility of physically based models within an operational statistical framework, as well as the ability of the approach to identify locations with strong predictive skill for potential ground station implementation.