• ice-silicate bodies

[1] Evolution of Small Silicate-Ice Bodies in the Solar System; Winthrop, Washington, 6–8 August 2010; Interest is growing in a class of small bodies in the solar system, some of which are believed to be the building blocks of the terrestrial planets. These include Ceres, Vesta, Pallas, the icy satellites, and some solid objects farther out in the solar system. Many of these objects appear, from their bulk density and shape, to be composed of a mixture of water and silicates, with short- and long-lived radioisotopes as energy sources. These are the ingredients for dynamic thermal evolution, including differentiation and mineral and carbon chemistry, and the potential for internal liquid water layers even today.