AGU Chapman Conference on Source to Sink Systems Around the World and Through Time: Recent Advances in Understanding Production, Transfer, and Burial of Terrestrial and Marine Materials on the Earth Surface; Oxnard, California, 24–27 January 2011; The source-to-sink (S2S) holistic approach examines the dispersal of material (particulate and dissolved) across the Earth's surface, with a focus on how material is transferred between segments of a dispersal system (e.g., uplands, river, coastal ocean, deep margin). Past studies primarily examined sedimentary processes within individual segments of dispersal systems. Although these processes are still recognized as important, the timing, intensity, and operative transfer mechanisms controlling sediment input and output are now accepted as fundamental parts of the dispersal process. A group of 150 scientists and students from six continents met in California to synthesize and integrate S2S research and to initiate the creation of a digital text (Web-accessible publication with enhanced content) and educational resources. Broad participation by academic and federal sedimentary research communities, energy industry scientists, and geoscience educators provided a rich opportunity to explore the many dimensions of S2S research and its impact on society.